When can a baby eat normally?

Eat (almost) like the grown-ups - the diet from 11th to 12th month

4 becomes 5

Towards the end of the first year of life (11th R11; 12th month) the meal structure of your child changes, because with the first teeth it can already eat more solid meals and gradually do without breast milk / baby food. The four more or less equally large milk and porridge meals become three main meals and two between meals.


Your child's day no longer begins exclusively with breast milk or baby food, but gradually with a slice of bread and a cup of milk. Finely ground whole grain bread is suitable as bread. B. can spread thinly with margarine or butter. Cut it into bite-sized pieces that your child can put in their own mouth and remove the hard crust. When it comes to milk, you can choose between breast milk, baby food and normal pasteurized whole milk. If your child is not at great risk of allergies, you can now use normal whole milk without hesitation. Gradually, your child should get used to drinking from the cup and no longer from the bottle. Some grated or crushed fruit is an ideal addition to breakfast.

Having lunch

Lunch does not change in terms of its composition, however, depending on the number of teeth, you can now start to just roughly mash the food so that your child can train his jaw and use the new teeth. Shortly before their first birthday, your child's lunch should no longer be very different from that of the rest of the family. You should still be careful with salt and hot spices, and some children do not tolerate cabbage and legumes so well. Just give it a try!


At dinner you should start slowly getting your child used to a slice of bread with margarine etc. and a cup of milk. Since chewing is quite strenuous at the beginning, you should still feed the evening porridge for the first time and replace it gradually. Think about the milk when your child only eats bread at the end of the year.

Snacks between meals

You can give your child a snack in the mornings and afternoons. Grated or mashed fruit with a few cereal flakes or bread is ideal. Your child will also enjoy a little fruit juice and an occasional rusk. You can also offer your child raw vegetables, e.g. B. a piece of kohlrabi or carrot (also finely grated if there are not enough teeth). You should avoid yoghurt, quark or other milk products as a snack between meals. With milk in the morning and evening, your child is adequately supplied with protein and calcium. Your child's digestive system will not be able to cope with too much protein either.


After all milk meals have been replaced with solid foods, you should make sure that your child is drinking enough. About 2 R11; It should be 3 large glasses a day. Water and diluted, unsweetened fruit or herbal teas are well suited.

Nutritional education

Children look a lot from the grown-ups. Therefore, make sure that you eat meals with the whole family if possible and include your child. Try to get your child used to fixed meal structures and avoid eating in between meals.

Sample meal plan for the 10th to 12th month (Research Institute for Child Nutrition):


Bread and milk (about 3 times a week): 25 g bread, 5 g butter or margarine, 150 ml whole milk

Milk meals (about 4 times a week): about 250 ml

1st and 2nd snack:

25 g bread, 5 g butter or margarine, 50 g fruit


10 g wholemeal rusks, 50 g fruit


10 g cereal flakes, 50 g fruit


10 g crispbread, 50 g fruit


25 g wheat buns, 5 g butter or margarine, 50 g fruit

Having lunch:

100 g vegetables, 60 g potatoes, 4 tablespoons fruit juice, 30 g meat, 10 g rapeseed oil


Whole milk and cereal porridge (4 times a week)

Bread and milk (3 times a week):

25 g milk rolls, 25 g grated carrots, 25 g grated apple, 150 ml whole milk


25 g whole wheat rolls, 10 g cream cheese, 50 g fruit, 150 ml whole milk


25 g bread, 5 g butter or margarine, 50 g fruit, 150 ml whole milk


  • Having fun right from the start, Baden-W├╝rttemberg Ministry of Food and Rural Areas, 2005
  • Recommendations for feeding infants, aid, 1357/2003 in cooperation with the Research Institute for Child Nutrition and the German Nutrition Society
  • Complementary foods based on milk, opinion of the nutrition commission of the German Society for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 2002
  • Information service of the Agriculture Administration of Baden-W├╝rttemberg


Created on May 21, 2007, last changed on May 21, 2007