Which countries allow more than dual citizenship?

How to do it right Applying for dual citizenship: The requirements

In Germany, only those who meet the requirements of the Nationality Act can apply for dual citizenship. The so-called multiple nationality is allowed in this country, but not intended as a rule.

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Popular one-two

According to the 2016 microcensus, 1.87 million people in the Federal Republic had two passports - one German and one foreign. How many there are currently cannot be said due to a lack of up-to-date figures. It is clear, however, that many citizens want a one-two pass. Who can get it, regulates that Citizenship Act (StAG). That was changed in 2014. Accordingly, there are different constellations that lead to dual citizenship or entitle it to.

German and foreign parent = dual citizenship

At the beginning something fundamental: In the Federal Republic the so-called applies Descent principle. This means: Anyone born to a German parent automatically has German citizenship. It does not matter whether the child was born in Germany or another country.

For example, if the mother is German and the father is not, the offspring will also have permanent German citizenship. And at the same time that of the father. That was not always so.

Amendment to the law in 2014: simplification for those born in 1990 or later

Before the new version of the German Citizenship Act, children with a German and a foreign parent had to choose one of their two nationalities up to their 24th birthday. This so-called Option obligation concerned people who saw the light of day before 1990. Today, children of such parents are allowed to keep their multiple nationality if they meet the following requirements: Firstly, they must have lived in Germany for at least eight years and, secondly, they must have attended school in Germany for eight years - sometimes six is ​​enough.

Place of birth Germany, both parents foreign

Since the 2014 amendment, the following applies: If a child with foreign parents is born in Germany, it also acquires German citizenship. That goes back to the year 2000. Prerequisite: One parent has one permanent residence permit and has lived in Germany for eight years. In addition, the parents' country must allow dual citizenship.

This multiple nationality is also according to his child for the child in question Of legal age permanent under certain circumstances. He may continue his one-two if one of the following requirements is met:

  • It lived in Germany for eight years.
  • It was six years here in school.
  • It provides evidence of German school or vocational training.

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German citizenship through naturalization

Naturalization is the most common way for foreigners to acquire German citizenship. According to Section 10 (1) No. 4 StAG, however, they usually have to provide their Discard previous nationality. Only certain exceptions allow you to apply for dual citizenship in Germany. This applies to the following groups of people:

  • EU citizens
  • Citizen of Switzerland
  • Asylum seekers
  • recognized refugees
  • Late repatriates

In addition, people receive a double pass whose countries of origin do not allow them to original citizenship to give up. These include, for example, Iran, Cuba and Morocco. In principle, the following also applies to the exceptions: Applicants must prove that they have lived in Germany for at least eight years or that they have attended school here for six or eight years. And they have to be certain proof submit for the naturalization procedure. More on this in the following section.

Apply for dual citizenship: Here's how it works

The contact point is the immigration and citizenship authorities of the respective place of residence or the municipality. Sometimes the citizens' office or the immigration office is also responsible. Some authorities provide a corresponding application form online. But it is also a informal application possible. If the requirements for dual citizenship are met, the following documents must be submitted:

  • Application for naturalization
  • Passport copy
  • Copy of the residence permit
  • Proof of work
  • Proof of accommodation (rental agreement)
  • Birth certificate
  • Proof of sufficient German language skills (level B1)

If you want to apply for dual citizenship, you must also have one Naturalization test successfully pass. The includes 33 questions on legal and
social issues as well as the basic democratic order in Germany.

Cost and duration of the procedure

There is a fee of255 euros per person - also for minors. Unless they apply for the procedure at the same time as their parents. In that case, you only have to pay 55 euros per child. In addition, there may be expenses for certified translations of forms and documents. 25 euros are called for the naturalization test. If the applicants have only limited financial resources, the costs of the procedure can be reduced or waived.

As soon as the documents are complete, processing takes about six weeks on average. During this time, all requirements are checked. If everything is in order, the authority will send the Naturalization certificate. This means that German ID documents can then be requested.

  • As a rule, children with one German parent and those with foreign parents receive a double pass if their offspring were born here
  • If you want to apply for dual citizenship as a foreigner in Germany, you must first arrange for your naturalization.
  • The procedure ends with the sending of the naturalization certificate. This means that the new German citizens can request their identity card and a second passport.

Please also read our legal information on the content.