Why do immigrants leave their country

Why do migrants and refugees leave their homeland?

If you are doing well in your home country, then you don't leave it voluntarily. To turn one's belongings into cash, to say goodbye to family and friends, and to embark on the journey to a better future, it takes a lot of courage, strength and a lack of hope for a good future in one's own country - or the fear of persecution and death.


Many people leave their homeland to find a (better) job or to escape a lack of prospects for the future. In the 19th century, around 5 million Germans made their way to America. And even today around 100,000 German citizens leave the FRG every year to seek their fortune in other countries. Anyone who leaves their home country for economic or personal reasons is not a refugee, just a migrant. The problem of labor migration often exacerbates the economic problems in the country of origin when young, well-educated people leave the country (brain drain).

Labor migration to the FRG is not easy for people without German citizenship. There is only a right to asylum for recognized refugees. A new immigration law is being discussed at the federal level.

In order to prevent economically motivated immigration, a country can try not to let migrants into its own country (border controls, deportation). This partly directs the migratory flows to other countries or pushes these people into criminality and gives smugglers and smugglers the opportunity to do their business. This policy may mean that instead of legal immigrants (official registration, integration measures, legal employment), illegal immigrants (no registration, poor integration, undeclared work and crime) in the country.
On the other hand, of course, more immigrants will come into the country if everyone is allowed to immigrate easily and legally.

Another solution would be to improve the living conditions in the migrants' home countries so that they can find well-paid jobs there and have future prospects. The misery is often related to a weak economy, violent conflict or a poorly functioning political system. Solving these problems would address the root cause of migration, not prevent the problematic consequences (legal or illegal mass migration).

Escape from persecution

People who leave their country out of well-founded fear of persecution because of their ethnicity, religion, nationality, belonging to a certain social group or because of their political convictions are considered refugees and have a good chance of staying in Germany.

These people are afraid and fear for their life, their freedom or fear of repression. During the time of National Socialism there were also around 360,000 Germans who fled or were "expatriated" abroad because of their religion, ethnicity or political convictions from the regime.

According to international law, these refugees are to be granted asylum. In order to prevent such people from emigrating, the politics (regime, government or political system) in the homeland of the refugee must change.