How to draw a human face
Draw an oval that is slightly wider at the top than at the bottom! Lightly sketch a vertical line down the middle, then draw a horizontal line down the middle between the top and bottom of the oval! This line gives the arrangement of the eyes. Divide the remaining space underneath in half and make a line there! This is for the tip of an average long nose. Divide the space below into three parts! The mouth is in the upper third; the rest is the chin.
In the middle of the horizontal line, draw two almond shapes - these are the eyes. In an anatomically correct face, five eyes fit the width of the face, with one eye width fitting between the two that are drawn. Starting on the left, we want the second and fourth eyes. The inner corner of most eyes slopes downwards; the outer angle can slope up or down, as the case may be. For our purposes, this outer angle should slope up a little so that the line that describes the lower eyelid looks like a very slight "s" shape lying on its side.
Draw a nose along the center line. The nose is narrowest between the eyes and widest on the nostrils. Notice how the tip of the nose turns downwards! Everyone's nose is unique, and if you're doing a portrait, capturing someone's nose exactly gives your drawing more authority.
Come back to the top horizontal line again! Draw ears on both sides of it. Note that the ears stick out further at the top and then lie closer to the earlobes! Some earlobes have grown and some are free. Ears are pretty complicated to draw - keep them simple at first until you get an idea of how they are made!
Add a mouth! Make a flat, rounded "V" shape so that it goes slightly below the bottom line! This is the lower side of the lower lip. Connect this smiling line with a wide, soft "M" shape - the top of the upper lip! Draw a very soft "m" shape between these two, which defines the gap between the lips and their relationship to each other! Moving your mouth up or down and making the upper and lower lips different proportions will help vary the look of the face that you are drawing.
Draw the hair! Hair is hard to draw, but start with lines (don't forget, this is line drawing)! Is the hair straight? Parallel lines that curve around the head. Is the hair curly? Curved strokes. Notice how curly hair comes together in parallel strands!
Close your neck! The neck is thicker than we like to think. The sides start at the top of the lower jaw line and go down in a bend.
Add a collar or any neckline! You can add a shirt, jacket, turtleneck - or nothing at all. The type of clothing you add will give your drawing an idea of the time and place.
Draw what you see - not what you mean you should draw! Perhaps the most important skill to cultivate as an artist is your ability to see. If you are new to the visual arts and want to produce a realistic rendering, you need to drop all of your previous assumptions about how each facial feature is drawn and learn to see what the facial features actually look like. Every face is different. There are no cheating shortcuts if you want realism. See where the features on the face are in proportion to each other! Pay attention to shadows, highlights and structure!
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