How deadly is pneumonia
The prognosis of pneumonia depends on a number of factors. Which pathogen is the culprit, what the patient’s defenses are like and whether the right therapy has been chosen, is of decisive importance, for example. People of older age or with pre-existing diseases such as the heart or lungs generally have a less favorable prognosis than young or healthy patients.
Pneumonia in patients without risk factors can be treated on an outpatient basis, they have a favorable prognosis. The mortality (mortality) here is below 2%. If inpatient therapy is necessary, the mortality rate is given as 2 to 10%. The information is subject to fairly large fluctuations, as hospital admissions are often associated with severe previous illnesses or advanced age, which in themselves lead to increased mortality. It is interesting that the mortality in an inpatient pneumococcal pneumococcal
These are spherical bacteria that (in contrast to Legionella) can usually be brought under control with the antibiotic penicillin. There is also a preventive vaccination against pneumonia caused by pneumococci.
-Pneumonia is particularly high and is still at 20% today. In severe forms of pneumonia, which always have to be treated in hospital, around 20 to 50% of all patients die.
The so-called nosocomial pneumonia, which are acquired in hospital, generally have a much worse prognosis than community-acquired infections because of the persistent pathogens. Many of the germs that cause disease have so-called resistance over time
Bacteria can develop resistance to certain drugs - that is, they become insensitive to these drugs. The drugs, especially antibiotics, are no longer effective against these bacteria.
Resistant pathogens develop - especially when there are large numbers of pathogens - either through spontaneous gene changes (mutations) or through selective reproduction (selection) of naturally occurring resistant bacterial subpopulations, e.g. due to inadequate or prematurely discontinued therapy.
developed so that the therapy with certain antibiotics can no longer do anything against them. In many cases, the drug used cannot destroy the pathogen and / or prevent its further spread in the body. The cause of such resistance is the more frequent use of antibiotics in hospitals. Two-thirds of hospital-acquired infections that are fatal are pneumonia.
Overall, it is assumed that around 40,000 to 50,000 deaths are caused by severe pneumonia every year in Germany. In times of strong flu, the number of pneumonia increases. As a result of the flu (influenza), pneumonia can develop, especially in patients with weakened immune systems.
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