How does VPS hosting work 1

What is VPS hosting? How does virtual private server work?

When it comes to website hosting there are many different options. Each has its own advantages, which differ in terms of equipment and price. Today we're going to take a closer look at Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosting.

With VPS hosting, you can store your web resources on storage space that has been configured to look and feel like a standalone dedicated server.

What is a VPS?

VPS stands for Virtual Private Server. A VPS is an isolated area on a server that has the properties of an entire server itself. A virtual server hosting has its own operating system (OS), applications, resources and configurations. All of this is contained in a single powerful server. There can be multiple VPS accounts on each server.

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How does VPS hosting work?

As the name suggests, the entire premise of VPS hosting revolves around virtualization. With this technology, entire servers can be 'split' and assigned to different people.

Virtual servers share a single physical server, but each has the advantage of being able to set up and configure its storage space as if it were wholly owned by it. This gives them a great deal of flexibility and an added element of privacy - at a fraction of the cost of a dedicated server.

The virtualization technology evaluates the server as a whole and then divides the resources among different accounts based on what those account holders have paid for.

For example, if the server has 128 GB of RAM, it can split it into two or more parts.

Each account holder is then assigned the amount of RAM specified in their hosting contract. The resources assigned to each account are unique to that account and will not be accessed even if other accounts need or use more.

From a user perspective, hosting a website on a VPS host means:

  • Guaranteed resources - memory, processing time, storage, etc. are never shared.
  • Better website security - your website (s) are hosted in an isolated environment. If something unpleasant happens to your neighbor's account, it will have no effect on you. and
  • High agility - You get server-level administrative powers such as root access, operating system selection, and more.

Benefits of VPS Web Hosting

VPS hosting is the perfect balance between price, performance, security, affordability, and privacy. Some of the amazing benefits that you will get when you use the services are;

  1. Common costs for services
  2. Fast server setup
  3. Better server access with more control
  4. Private closed environment
  5. Similar level of performance as a dedicated server
  6. Scalability for better long-term use

Shared, VPS and dedicated server hosting

Some might be a little confused because there are a multitude of options when it comes to shared, VPS, and dedicated hosting. Let's do a quick analysis and comparison to better understand the key differences.

Shared server hosting

What is the shared hosting environment like?

Shared hosting is like living in a room with a lot of friends. It means you have to fit in the same space and split the cost of several things as it is cheap and inexpensive.

However, when several people share the same room, there has to be a certain amount of give and take. Resources must be shared (e.g. 5 people turning to use a washroom).

It also means that what affects a friend can affect you too. If any of the people who share this room have the flu, you can become infected as well. Everything in this room is meant to be shared among all of you (sounds a little unsanitary, doesn't it?).

There are many website owners who prefer shared hosting services for the simple reason that it is easy to manage and affordable. Hosting service providers take care of server maintenance so web owners only have to focus on building and running their website.

Shared resources can sometimes have unforeseen circumstances. For example, if a website is very busy and consuming a lot of resources, your website might stop responding. This will affect the performance of your website through no fault of your own. Your only hope of a solution is whether the resource hog will release the resources it is using or whether your web host will step in.

Shared hosting provider consider

Here are some shared hosting providers that we tested and recommended: Hostinger, Interserver, GreenGeeks. You can check out our reviews of Kuyichi Signs Transparency Pledge. , Kuyichi Signs Transparency Pledge. and Kuyichi Signs Transparency Pledge. .

Virtual private server hosting

Hosting environment for virtual servers

VPS hosting is like living in an apartment complex. This means that other people live in the same building, but you have your own secure apartment. You may have more space and definitely fewer restrictions than in a common area. It also means that if your neighbor misbehaves, it's the problem with the owner of the building, not yours.

Similarly, in the case of VPS, there are multiple users using the same server but isolated from each other. This means that no one is affected by how many resources someone else is using.

You get the speed and security you need without compromise. It's almost a perfect scenario because you're taking advantage of a private server and still sharing the cost of services.

VPS hosting providers to consider

InMotion Hosting, ScalaHosting, TMD Hosting

Dedicated server hosting

Dedicated server hosting is like owning a home. You can move freely within your property that you like. However, you have to pay for the mortgage and bills, which can be expensive.

Similarly, in a real dedicated server, you pay for the entire server that is not shared with anyone else. You get complete control over all services. Unfortunately, it's also the most expensive hosting option and requires some technical know-how to manage.

It is widely used by people who have websites with specific needs. This can include the ability to handle high levels of web traffic or increased security requirements.

Special hosting providers to consider

A2 Hosting, Altus-Host, Hostpapa

When to switch What is VPS hosting used for?

There are a number of factors that make VPS hosting the best option for certain websites. In general, it's time to upgrade to VPS from a shared web host when ...

1. You need more speed

As you add more content to your website, the speed will likely slow down after a while. This is especially true for websites that are based on database-intensive processes (like WordPress!).

If you are seeing ever longer process times, it is time to consider upgrading your hosting type or plan.

Also, most websites will see increased traffic over time. Popular websites mean much higher traffic rates which is fantastic for you. However, this means that your existing plans are unlikely to be able to manage this volume of traffic. Upgrading to VPS hosting is the next logical step for you at this point.

2. Your current hosting performance is deteriorating

Continuously getting 503 server errors this most likely means that your website services are not being made available to your visitors and customers in a timely manner. Often this is caused by a lack of resources such as memory. If it happens frequently, your website visitors may stop coming. So it may be time to switch to VPS hosting again.

3. You have increased security concerns

If you are unfortunate enough to have come across a server that is exposed to multiple attacks on another site hosted there, things can get tricky.

In this scenario, you must rely on the good graces of your host to manage the situation; or alternatively, switch to VPS hosting and avoid the situation altogether.

4. Special operating system requirements

With full root access (which usually comes with unmanaged VPS hosting plans), you can install and customize any software you need to optimize your hosting experience. Flexibility is especially important when you need to install a custom operating system.

Buying a virtual hosting

Great VPS hosting often offers users the perfect balance between performance and affordable prices - fast speeds, high availability, reliable customer support, and adequate resources.

They are often the perfect option for high traffic websites.

At the top of our best VPS hosting list are InMotion Hosting and ScalaHosting.

In his basic plan, InMotion Offers a single processor, 4GB of storage and a generous 75GB of storage in a pipeline of 4TB of data bandwidth - all for just $ 22.99 / month. ScalaHosting offers its own WHCP SPanel and a wide range of server locations. The basic plan starts at Scala at just $ 9.95 / month - great value for money.

What about free VPS hosting?

Instafree - the only free VPS we recommend - offers 10GB of storage and 100GB of bandwidth with support for cPanel and Softaculous. Some of the other providers we've listed here no longer exist or they don't offer VPS hosting for $ 0 these days.

Finding free VPS hosting might not be as hard as the dodo bird, but you may be disappointed with what you find. Most free VPS just aren't as powerful or robust as paid ones.

Security is usually a big problem when you're using a free platform. Imagine hosting your websites along with spam / stale / unmanaged websites - you never know when these neighbors are going to cause problems (even though you are on VPS).

This also applies to customer care and performance. You can't ask for great support and great server performance if you're not paying a lot of money, can you?

The bottom line is that hardware, software, and bandwidth cost money. If service providers are giving you all of this for free, they'll have to make money from somewhere else - most likely from your data.

On the other hand, these VPS plans are FREE. They cater to the needs of certain web owners - especially users developing a web application or users who want to get a taste of VPS hosting before deciding to go with the paid options.

Also Read - Cheap WordPress Hosting To Consider

Frequently asked questions about VPS hosting

How do I get started with VPS hosting?

With managed VPS hosting - the boarding process is similar to shared hosting these days - you point your domain to the hosting DNS and manage it through an easy-to-use control panel. For self-managed VPS you need (at least) basic knowledge of the server's operating system and the computer network. Most good VPS web hosts have extensive knowledge base articles on how to manage your VPS host. This should be your first stop to familiarize yourself with the environment if you are new to the self-managed VPS environment.

What is cloud computing?

In cloud computing, the resources of several networked computers are combined. This offers far more scalability potential than many other types of web hosting.

What's the difference between VPS and cloud hosting?

The terms "cloud" and "VPS" are often used interchangeably, but there are significant differences between the two. Real cloud hosting providers are (usually) IaaS players that offer extensive resources as they aggregate a large number of computing resources. Because of this elasticity (or scalability), true cloud hosting is basically "limitless". On the other hand, VPS is limited to individual servers, which limits its scalability.

What is VPS hosting used for?

VPS hosting is usually intended for websites that need to process larger amounts of data. In these cases, the host can guarantee the availability of resources and increased security.

Here are some tips for choosing the right VPS hosting.

How much does VPS hosting cost?

VPS hosting usually costs more than shared hosting but less than a dedicated server. Prices are usually set based on the amount of resources needed and other features like managed accounts and range from as little as $ 6 to a few hundred dollars per month.

Managed vs Unmanaged VPS Hosting

If you've ever used a computer on your own (yes, this may sound strange, but there is a reason for it), you probably know what it is like to use unmanaged VPS hosting. In either situation, you are responsible for setting up and maintaining all of the applications running on the system.

Unmanaged VPS: -
With an unmanaged VPS, your hosting provider only has two roles - you need to make sure that your VPS is running and that it is connected to the network. As you can imagine, this requires a bit of technical expertise on your part.

Managed VPS: -
In a managed VPS environment, you can sit back, relax, and let your host know what you want to do. There are no security issues to worry about and no function specific tasks to do. Your host manages everything for you and solves any problems that arise.

VPN vs VPS: what's the difference?

To be honest, there isn't a lot of resemblance.

What is a VPN?
A VPN is a private network (i.e., ExpressVPN and NordVPN) that most people use to stay safe and private on the internet.

What is a VPS?
A VPS is a virtual server that you can use like a dedicated server to host your website or to manage other web-related tasks, such as: B. for setting up cloud storage, for hosting e-mails or the like. The two are only similar in acronym.

Here comes that though - I'm including this segment because you can use a VPN to connect to a VPS server and manage it. The VPN will keep your connection private and undetectable so you can log into the VPS without anyone else knowing.

More importantly, when you use a VPN connection, all data sent to and from your device is encrypted. This means that using a VPN service is recommended when sending sensitive information like passwords.

Some good VPN providers offer fixed IP addresses and this gives many users another benefit as almost all ISPs use dynamic IPs for most of their customers. If you're using a VPN with a static IP address, you can choose to whitelist only your IP address so that a connection to your VPS can be established. This increases security to a very high degree.


The average VPS is more expensive than shared hosting, but that's not always true. Because of the scalability that VPS accounts offer, prices can vary widely. When considering whether or not to switch to a VPS host, you'd rather focus on whether you can manage a VPS account.

There are some that are managed, but the technical knowledge required is different from regular shared hosting. It's not insurmountable, but wouldn't your efforts be better spent managing your key asset - your website? Would you like to spend the extra time learning how to manage your VPS account instead?

The downside is scalability. Once you get the hang of it, VPS hosting users will have an easier time two ways:

  1. It is easier to scale and there are several tranches of cost of running a website slowly increasing as well
  2. This gives you a technical advantage if your site has grown so large that you need to move to a dedicated server.

More resources to read

We have also published a number of in-depth guides and helpful hosting reviews for those looking to find a web host.

About Jerry Low

Founder of (WHSR) - a hosting review trusted and useful by 100,000 users. More than 15 years of experience in web hosting, affiliate marketing and SEO. Contributor to,,, and others.