What is the pagan name for Halloween
Halloween: from the cult of the dead to party fun
"Trick or treating!" - With this battle cry, droves of little witches, ghosts and monsters go from door to door on the evening of October 31st. Their goal: to demand sweets from the residents. Some adults who meet at parties dress up in a similarly bizarre manner. Motto: "Dance of the Dead" or "Bite Me Party". It is the evening of ghosts and ghosts: Halloween.
VIDEO: Where does Halloween come from? (3 min)
Halloween originated with the Celts
The festival of horror has its origins in Ireland: In pre-Christian times, the Celts celebrated Samhain on October 31, one of their most important festivals. They celebrated their harvest, the beginning of the cold season and the start of a new calendar year. The Celts also believed that there could be contacts with the realm of the dead on this day.
Samhain: The dead are on their way
According to mythology, on Samhain the dead went in search of the living who would die in the next year. To deter the evil spirits, people dressed up in fearsome costumes and haunted the streets even at night. Great fires should keep evil spirits away. In front of the houses there were small gifts ("treats") that were supposed to appease the spirits and prevent them from doing wrong.
Protestant Christians celebrate Reformation Day
The word Halloween came about with Christianization. The Church called the pagan festival in the 9th century "All Hallows Eve", the evening before All Saints Day on November 1st. On October 31, Protestant Christians will remember with Reformation Day that the monk and theologian Martin Luther published his 95 theses on reforming the church in Wittenberg in 1517. Since 2018, Reformation Day has been a public holiday in all five northern German states.
Halloween as a party event is conquering Germany
Halloween first developed into a party event when Irish immigrants brought the custom to America in the 19th century. Halloween is celebrated there with monster costumes, brain jelly and cemetery romance - and has a similar status as the carnival in this country. This American, funny version of the Halloween festival has meanwhile also conquered Germany.
Jack O'Lantern: The pumpkin lantern is supposed to defy the devil
The custom of carving lanterns out of pumpkins also goes back to a legend from Ireland: When a villain named Jack died, God denied him access to heaven. But Jack was not welcome in Hell either, because he had ripped the devil off while he was alive. With a piece of coal that he put in a hollowed out turnip, Jack went to look for a place to stay. From this legend people derived the belief that a burning lump of coal in a turnip had the power to keep the devil and evil spirits away. When many Irish emigrated to America, they took this custom with them. In the United States, the native pumpkin was larger and easier to work with than beets. So he replaced the turnip as Jack O'Lantern - as the carved lantern is called in English-speaking countries.
Halloween: The trade is part of the celebration
In the meantime, the trade has recognized the commercial value of Halloween and offers a wide range of horror utensils: from masks and costumes to rubber spiders and skulls to decorative items for the party room. Of course, pumpkins shouldn't be missing either - real ones, made of plastic or as printed stickers. Halloween turns into a feast in the dealers' cash registers.
Remembrance days in November
All Saints Day: Public holiday in five federal states on November 1st. Remembrance day of the Catholic Church for all people canonized by the Pope and those who consistently live their faith.
All Souls: Remembrance day of the Catholic Church for all deceased and their souls on November 2nd. No public holiday and no "silent" holiday.
Memorial Day: Public holiday on the penultimate Sunday of the Protestant church year. Introduced in 1919 by the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge to commemorate those who died in the First World War.
Day of Prayer and Repentance: Protestant holiday, which should serve the reflection and critical life balance. Abolished as a public holiday in 1995 to finance long-term care insurance (exception: Saxony). Date: Wednesdays between Memorial Day and Sunday of the Dead.
Dead Sunday: "Silent holiday", on which Protestant Christians commemorate the deceased. Date: one week before the 1st Sunday in Advent.
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N-JOY | Kuhlage and Hardeland - The N-JOY Morning Show | 10/30/2018 | 8:40 a.m.
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