Why don't dogs like fruits?
What types of fruit can your dog eat?
While the dog uses animal products such as chicken, or beef for a large part of its dietinsects As a high-quality protein supplier, around a third of his diet should also consist of vegetables, fruit, oils and herbs. These provide additional, valuable nutrients and are part of a species-appropriate diet. Because the wolf, as the ancestor of the dog, ultimately also consumes the entire prey and thus also the grasses, herbs and fruits contained in the gastrointestinal tract.
Fruit contains many vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals that can contribute to a healthy diet for your dog. For example, some vitamins support the body's immune and defense system and are essential for many body functions. Secondary plant substances include, for example, the flavonoids, which with their antioxidant effect can intercept free radicals and render them harmless. Fruits also often contain fiber. Although these cannot be digested by the dog itself, they serve as food for the intestinal bacteria and thus contribute to a healthy digestive system of your dog.
Since every type of fruit contains a different combination of nutrients that are healthy for your dog, and different things have to be observed when feeding, we have put together a brief overview for you below that will inform you about the most important aspects. In general, fruit should be fed ripe or overripe, otherwise it is usually too acidic and can cause diarrhea. You should also remove any pips or stones contained in apples or cherries, for example, as these contain hydrogen cyanide, which can lead to poisoning if your dog eats too many of them.
Permitted local fruits
In our latitudes there are a large number of different types of fruit that your dog can consume. We would like to present a selection of the most typical ones to you here.
One of the most common types of fruit in our country is the apple. This contains a high amount of the fiber pectins, which contribute to a healthy intestinal flora and can also lead to a lowering of the cholesterol level. The apple has a neutralizing effect on the pH value of the intestine and is therefore well suited as complementary food for problems with the acid-base balance. Dogs like apples thanks to their sweet taste, but the apple scores with a relatively low calorie content and can therefore be fed well.
Pears are also very popular with dogs because they are nice and sweet, but in contrast to apples they contain a higher amount of fructose and calories, so you should be careful with these that the dog does not eat too much of it. Pears contain a lot of vitamin A and vitamins of the B group as well as folic acid, some of which can also be produced by the intestinal bacteria itself. Since pears are low in acid, they are also suitable for dogs with stomach problems.
Although strawberries are very sweet and therefore taste good to the dog, they contain only a few calories and can therefore be used well as supplementary food or delicacies. The secondary plant substances contained can have an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. However, feeding too many strawberries can lead to diarrhea, so depending on your dog's size, you should only feed a few strawberries a day.
Blueberries contain many minerals such as iron, magnesium and potassium and can therefore ensure a healthy cardiovascular system. Again, excess can lead to diarrhea. With wild blueberries that you pick yourself in the forest, for example, you should be careful not to pick them too close to the ground and then wash them very thoroughly to prevent transmission of the fox tapeworm, whose eggs can sit on the blueberries.
Cherries can also provide your dog with valuable nutrients; among other things, they contain a high amount of the phytochemicals flavones, which can have anti-inflammatory effects. With cherries in particular, however, you should make sure that your dog does not pick them from the tree or nibble on the ground, as the kernels contain hydrogen cyanide and can also lead to constipation. Better to feed him pitted cherries to avoid this risk.
Allowed exotic tropical fruits
Your dog can also eat imported fruits and provide them with important nutrients. We have put together an overview of popular exotic fruits for you below.
With their sweet taste, bananas are extremely popular with dogs and provide them with important minerals such as potassium, calcium and zinc. They can help lower cholesterol and protect the stomach. However, you should not feed too much of it, as on the one hand they have a high sugar and energy content and larger quantities can have a constipating effect.
A chilled or frozen piece of melon is a very special treat for your dog, especially in summer, as it cools off nicely. Melon contains many healthy nutrients, such as vitamin A, potassium and calcium, as well as the coloring phytochemicals. However, melon also has a dehydrating effect, so too much of it can lead to diarrhea, and flatulence can also occur when eating melon, so you should give your dog little of it at first until you are sure that he can tolerate it well.
Kiwis are particularly popular with us humans because of their high vitamin C content. However, since the dog can synthesize the vitamin C it needs itself, it does not need to be supplied with it through food. Kiwis also have a blood-purifying effect, increase the immune system and promote protein digestion and are therefore a great type of fruit for your dog. You should feed them without a shell and very ripe, otherwise the acid can lead to stomach upset in your dog.
The cranberry is particularly typical in North America, but is also enjoying increasing popularity here due to the many phytochemicals and antioxidants it contains. When dried, they are a special treat for your dog, but you should feed them unsweetened cranberries, some of which are difficult to find.
The pineapple contains a large amount of the minerals potassium and zinc, and the enzyme bromelain it contains supports your dog's digestive functions, which makes it a healthy type of fruit. You should also only feed the pineapples overripe, as the acid they contain has a laxative effect or can lead to stomach cramps.
Prohibited types of fruit
As you can see, you can feed your dog a variety of fruits if you do a few things. However, you should avoid some types of fruit as they are very poisonous for your dog.
Grapes & Raisins
Above all, these include grapes and raisins, which are highly toxic to your dog. Even if it has not yet been clarified exactly what exactly is so toxic about grapes for dogs, depending on the dog's body size, consuming 200 grams can lead to acute kidney failure and subsequent death. Raisins are even more toxic, as their effect starts in a much smaller amount due to the lack of water. Therefore, you should never leave your dog unsupervised with grapes or raisins and consult a veterinarian immediately if he has eaten some of them.
Although not all types of nuts are harmful to dogs, you should only give a small amount of the edible ones, as nuts are very high in fat and can lead to obesity. Macadamia nuts, walnuts and bitter almonds are particularly dangerous for dogs.
Macadamia nuts are very poisonous for dogs and even small amounts can cause symptoms such as vomiting, fever and paralysis, so your dog should not eat them.
While ripe and shelled walnuts are healthy for your dog because of the unsaturated fatty acids, the shells of unripe walnuts can lead to neurotoxic symptoms such as tremors and epileptic seizures up to death due to a fungal attack. Therefore, you should take special care that your dog does not grab any unripe walnuts outside.
Bitter almonds are also poisonous for dogs because they contain the substance amygdalin, which is converted into hydrogen cyanide during digestion. Since bitter almonds sometimes mix with normal almonds in a pack and are visually indistinguishable, you should only feed them to your dog in very small quantities.
We hope that this overview will help you put together healthy treats for your dog that are based on animal protein sources such as chicken orinsects ideally complemented.
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