What defines healthy


English: health

1 definition

health is according to the definition of the WHO on the one hand the "state of complete physical, mental and social well-being", on the other hand it is also a "basic human right". The associated adjective is healthy.

2 Further definitions

There are a number of other definitions with a nursing, developmental or philosophical background.

2.1 WHO definition

The WHO defined health as follows in 1948:

"Health is a state of complete psychological, physical and social well-being and not just being free from illness and infirmity. Enjoying the best possible state of health is a fundamental right of every person, regardless of race, religion, political conviction, economic or social Position."

This quote, with its approach to health promotion, forms the basis for the Ottawa Charter formulated in 1986.

2.2 Definition according to Ernst Bloch

The German philosopher Ernst Bloch defined health as "something to be enjoyed, not to be consumed."

2.3 Definition according to Talcott Parsons

The sociologist Talcott Parsons saw health as a functional requirement of society: "Health is a state of optimal efficiency of an individual for the effective fulfillment of the roles and tasks for which he has been socialized."

3 discussion

Health is not a precisely delimited finding, but rather is located on the continuum between a barely attainable "ideal vital state" and its counterpoint, death.

Clinically, the concept of health is often reduced to the dimension of the physical and simply understood as the "absence of illness". The transition area between the two states is characterized by the embarrassed term "disorder". In social ethics, on the other hand, health as a "higher good" is an ideal that is strongly linked to the concept of happiness.

Regardless of the context of meaning, health is above all a subjectively perceived state beyond diagnostic verifiability. Here sickness and health are united by gray areas: You can be sick, but - especially in the absence of symptoms - you are healthy feel. Conversely, a patient may feel sick but be perfectly healthy clinically.

In Jules Romains' novel "Knock, ou le triomphe de la m├ędicine", this paradox is aptly summarized in the sentence: "Tout homme bien portant est un malade qui s'ignore." know nothing of their true state. "