How is NDTV related to the Congress?

  • Hindu nationalists face an absolute majority: The BJP needs victories in more than 272 of the 543 constituencies. Apparently she has already crossed the line.
  • Congress party admits historic defeat: The party had ruled India for most of the time since independence.
  • Personal success for Modi, painful defeat for Gandhi: BJP top candidate Modi is winner in two constituencies, Gandhi just loses.
  • Big challenges for the winner: India's economy is battling high inflation and growing at a slower pace than it has been since the 1980s.
  • Controversial candidate modes: Modi has achieved economic success in Gujarat - but anti-Muslim pogroms have also taken place there, with more than 1,000 dead.
  • The greatest democratic choice in human history: About 814 million Indians were able to vote.

Hindu nationalists in front of an absolute majority

There are still partial results of the parliamentary elections from the 543 constituencies of India. But these already indicate that the Hindu nationalists of the Bharatiya Janata Party / Indian People's Party (BJP) could achieve an absolute majority in the Indian lower house in New Delhi.

To do this, she needs victories in more than 272 constituencies. Apparently she has already crossed the line. Interim results published by the broadcaster NDTV show 286 seats in parliament alone for the BJP, together with its coalition partners it has 339 seats - 198 more than before. The previously ruling Congress Party and its allies only achieved 58 seats - that's a loss of 176 seats. That would be the worst result in the party's history. She had ruled India for most of the time since independence.

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If the result proves to be true, the 63-year-old Modi would have the strongest government majority since 1984. At that time, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated and her son Rajiv took power. Modi could then implement his promised economic reforms more easily than his predecessors, since he would not have to take complicated coalitions into account.

The diverse Indian population, which also includes 150 million Muslims, apparently has such high hopes for Modi that they even seem to accept his Hindu nationalism.

Congress party admits historic defeat

India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of the ruling Congress Party has congratulated the top candidate of the opposition BJP, Narendra Modi, on winning the election. The 81-year-old called Narendra Modi, according to a message on the Prime Minister's official Twitter account. Congress party's top candidate Rahul Gandhi admitted his party had a lot to think about. "As Vice President I am jointly responsible," he said, according to the broadcaster NDTV.

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His mother Sonia Gandhi, President of the Congress Party, congratulated the BJP on their victory.

"We accept the defeat. We are ready to go into the opposition," center-left party spokesman Rajeev Shukla told journalists in New Delhi. "Modi promised the people the moon and the stars. And the people bought this dream from them."

Satyavrat Chaturvedi, one of the leading congressional politicians, said the unofficial top candidate Rahul Gandhi was not solely responsible, according to the IANS news agency. "It's our common failure."

The head of the BJP, Rajnath Singh, wrote on Twitter: "Everything points to a landslide victory."

Personal success for Modi, painful defeat for Gandhi

According to projections by the broadcaster NDTV, BJP top candidate Narendra Modi won both the constituency of Vadodara in his home state of Gujarat and the constituency in the holy temple city of Varanasi. Modi announced "good days" to the country. "India won," he wrote on Twitter. Afterwards, he said he went to see his mother in Gujarat to get her blessing.

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Rahul Gandhi, the unofficial top candidate of the still ruling Congress party, ran in the constituency of Amethi and suffered a narrow, painful defeat against the BJP. The constituency has been held by the influential Nehru Gandhi family for generations.

The winner faces great challenges

BJP candidate Modi wants to stimulate the economy of the populous country, reform the tax system, create ten million jobs and put more money into the energy, road and rail networks. And he has promised a "clean", efficient government. Despite its broad base, Modi will not find it easy to keep its promises.

India is an up-and-coming emerging country. But the economy is fighting against high inflation and is growing more slowly than it has been since the 1980s. Hardly anyone on the huge subcontinent has electricity all day, the streets are full of holes, wells are often dry and jobs in industry are in short supply. A fifth of the 1.2 billion citizens live below the absolute poverty line, so they have to get by on less than 34 euro cents a day in the countryside. Most Indians blame the Congress Party for this. But even in Modi's state of Gujarat, not everything shines. There, too, the poor rural population is starving, and there, too, villages have no electricity and water connections

In anticipation of Modi's victory, foreign investors have already invested $ 16 billion in Indian stocks and bonds over the past six months. Modi's election victory was celebrated in the markets. Share prices skyrocketed. The BSESN stock index was twice more than six percent in the plus. The local currency, the rupee, rose to its highest level in eleven months.

Controversial candidate modes

The Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi worked his way up from a humble background. During his three-time tenure as head of government of the West Indian state of Gujarat, he created the image of himself as an efficient administrator who promoted high growth rates through an economically liberal policy.

But Modi hangs on the memory of the anti-Muslim pogroms in which at least a thousand people were killed in Gujarat at the beginning of his term in 2002. Studies showed that the violence was largely fueled and controlled by BJP politicians. This is why he still meets with reservations among minorities and secular activists.

Biggest democratic election in human history

The vote in India was the greatest democratic election in human history. Around 814 million citizens had been able to vote using electronic voting machines. The 1.8 million machines were brought to 989 centers and gradually opened there. The count should still be completed this Friday. "You just have to push a button to get the result of each machine and then the results are collated," said Rajesh Malhotra of the electoral commission.

The turnout of 66 percent was higher than ever before in India. Overall, the vote had dragged on for five weeks, so that election workers could organize the gigantic vote and security forces could guard the polling stations. There were 8,251 candidates, including 668 women and five transsexuals.

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