What causes a silent heart attack

Heart attacks are on the horizon - watch out for these omens!

Every year around 280,000 people in Germany suffer a heart attack, around 50,000 of which are fatal. Why? The heart attack often occurs unexpectedly, the person concerned or his environment do not recognize the symptoms in time and the ambulance doctor is ultimately too late.

What exactly happens in the event of a heart attack?

The heart, our vital “pump”, is driven by the heart muscle. This ensures that blood flows through our body and the organs are supplied with oxygen and nutrients. If the heart muscle fails - mostly because its supplying blood vessels (coronary arteries) are blocked - the heart can no longer perform its pumping function. As a result, the blood supply to the body comes to a standstill. Without prompt treatment, such a heart attack leads to death in a short time.

A heart attack is imminent

But heart attacks are usually not that completely unpredictable. On the one hand are important Risk factors Known for a long time - these include, for example, smoking, obesity and an unhealthy diet, little exercise, high blood pressure and stress. Every legally insured person is entitled to a pension from the age of 35 and then every two years free health check at the doctor too. Take advantage of this opportunity! The doctor will check blood lipid levels, for example, which can provide information about your predisposition to possible calcification of the blood vessels. In this way, together with the risk factors mentioned, he can assess your personal risk of heart attack.

On the other hand, the body signals weeks or months before an acute heart attack that something is wrong. This has nothing to do with the fact that the body could look into the future, but because a heart attack is usually preceded by so-called coronary heart disease (CHD). But it is less of a (contagious) disease. KHK ultimately refers to the process of Calcification of the coronary arteries supplying the heart muscle. This process can take many years and is often accompanied by various symptoms.

Read some early warning signs to watch out for below!

Shortness of breath and shortness of breath

This symptom applies to a wide variety of diseases - but also to heart diseases. You can quickly reach your limits with your physical performance and just have to climb the stairs with breaks to take a breath? This could be a sign that your heart muscle is no longer able to withstand such stress. In this case, the stressed muscles of the body are no longer supplied with sufficient blood and oxygen quickly enough. Therefore you have to pause and meet the oxygen demand by breathing heavily. A medical examination is absolutely recommended here!

Chest pain

Pedaling under stress or later also at rest Pain in the chest, often associated with one Tightness, you should consult your doctor. The so-called angina pectoris is a very common symptom of coronary heart disease. Those affected have the feeling that “an elephant is sitting on their chest” and that they are choking off their breath. When this frightening pain subsides after a few minutes, relief comes - usually this experience is even dismissed as unimportant. That can be a mistake!

sleep disorders

Sleep problems are also a widespread disease and do not necessarily indicate a heart disease. But if you do usually sleep well, but for some time wake up several times at night, maybe even violent thirst feel, you should investigate the cause. Nocturnal chest pain in particular is an important warning sign!

Depressed moods and exhaustion

A connection between depression and heart disease has already been proven. As part of a study by the GSF Research Center for Environment and Health in Neuherberg, researchers found that a strikingly high number of patients in the months and especially in the days before a heart attack because of psychological distress See a doctor and have psychiatric drugs such as sleeping pills and sedatives prescribed. Doctors who worked on an international population study also noticed this connection: Before a heart attack, pessimistic attitudes increase and those affected often complain Joylessness, tiredness and declining work performance.

Of course, everyday fatigue affects most of us from time to time. But if you get enough sleep and still feel dull and exhausted all the time, it could be a sign of heart disease.

Nausea, stomach or back pain, and digestive problems

These signs are problematic because they are usually not associated with a heart attack. But scientists at the American College of Physicians found that a great many heart attack patients had such a thing in the four weeks before the emergency general symptoms complained. Unfortunately, such warning signs of the body are often not taken seriously even if they have never occurred in this form and no explanation is obvious. So: If you suddenly experience pain that cannot be explained and you feel uncomfortable - go to the doctor!

Prevention is the best therapy

It is important to become aware of the signs and risk factors of a heart attack and the coronary heart disease that usually precedes it. If you recognize these signs, you can visit a cardiologist in good time and have your heart health checked.

The most important protection against a heart attack is prevention. A healthy lifestyle is the basis for any long-term heart therapy and also has a noticeably positive effect on your general well-being. Think about your heart and give it a try!