Who makes the best portable solar panels

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Solar cells manufactured on the basis of amorphous silicon technology are more efficient than monocrystalline solar cells. This is noticeable when there is no lighting. They achieve a performance difference of up to 30%, but almost do not respond to changes in lighting. Inertia "when restoring the lighting, continue to work with the same performance.

Foreign manufacturers

The largest companies that manufacture solar modules and power plants are as follows:

  1. Motech Is a Taiwanese company with manufacturing facilities in the United States as a subsidiary of AES Polysilicon. After the production of cells for batteries began, the product types were gradually expanded to include polysilicon, wafers and finished plates.
  2. Yingli Green Energy Is an old, vertically integrated Chinese company which, thanks to its polycrystalline silicon production capacity, is one of the companies that produce the full range of panels at the lowest cost. The newest series of batteries are panda panels.
  3. Suntech Is a large Chinese company that has been implementing vertical integration since 2010 to reduce production cost and production cost.
  4. Trina Solar - a Chinese company that, due to the low cost of production, produces high quality panels and sells them at a minimal price.
  5. Hanwha Solar one Is a Korean manufacturer. Produces high quality solar power plants in factories in China.
  6. Canadian Solar - a company headquartered in Canada with manufacturing facilities in Ontario and China. Differs in a large assortment and product volume.
  7. Solarworld Is a large German manufacturer that is geared towards the European and US markets and does not have its own factories in Asia.
  8. First solar Is an American manufacturer of thin-layer plates based on tellurium-cadmium technology, which has the lowest battery costs compared to other competitors.
  9. Solar power - Produces the most efficient solar power plants in the United States, but experiences a decline in production due to high costs during the crisis.
  10. Renewable Energy Corporation Is a Norwegian company that produces modules and polycrystalline silicon. Due to the ongoing crisis, the company relocated production facilities to Singapore.
  11. Panasonic / Sanyo manufactures high-performance products for the Japanese and US markets.

In 1991, the INTERSOLAR EUROPE exhibition opened in the Bavarian capital of Munich. At this fair, leading manufacturers of solar systems presented their latest developments.

As conceived by the organizers of this exhibition, Freiburg Wirtschaft Touristik und Messe GmbH & Co. KG - This international exhibition was entirely dedicated to the use in various areas of photovoltaic solar cells and solar heating components. The exhibition immediately attracted the attention of professionals from many countries around the world. It was a huge success so the organizers decided to make it traditional and hold it annually.

The exhibition, which takes place from May to June, attracts the heads of the largest manufacturing companies, as well as companies using different types of solar energy products, developers, engineers and scientists who work in the field.

Everyone wants to get to know new ideas, the latest technologies in the field of solar energy. Experts exchange experiences and present their latest developments. In the exhibition halls you will see miniature chargers and the most powerful solar panels, a transparent solar TV and a solar house, various devices, devices and machines that are operated exclusively with solar energy.

This exhibition is not aimed at the general public, but exclusively at professionals. Seminars and conferences for specialists from the fields of photovoltaics, energy storage systems and renewable heating technologies take place at its locations. Separate pavilions are planned for the presentation of the most interesting developments.

At the last two trade fairs, Chinese and South Korean manufacturers of solar modules presented their latest products - panels with an output of over 300 watts.

Solar battery LG 315 N1C-G4 NeON ™ 2

The name of this solar module from the South Korean company LG already means that the declared output of this module is 315 watts. It is very important for LG to enter the market for alternative energies not only as one of the manufacturers, but also as one of the leading manufacturers of photovoltaic systems.

Therefore, product quality assurance is one of the company's top priorities. Solar modules are developed and manufactured using the most modern technological processes.

And the photo converters that make up this solar battery are made with the highest quality and efficiency.

The cells are made on the basis of monocrystalline silicon using a special double-sided technology. Due to their properties, these cells can transmit the sun's rays, which are reflected by a special coating on the back of the cell and contribute to an increase in the generation of electrical power. This means that each cell can generate electricity from both sides, which increases the performance of the module.

LG 315 N1C-G4 NeON ™ module 2. Front

Before assembling the module, each plate is subjected to a thorough inspection to ensure that its dimensions are strictly adhered to (accuracy to one micrometer) and that any mechanical damage is detected. After verification, the selected cells go through the next stage of preparation. In order to minimize the reflection of sunlight, the cells are subjected to an etching step with an alkaline liquid. The front of the cells is laminated with a three-layer EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) coating and a special reflective film on the back.


LG 315 N1C-G4 NeON ™ module 2. Back

The assembled module is then encapsulated to protect the cells from moisture ingress. Then it is covered with a three millimeter thick anti-reflective impact protection glass. The module frame consists of anodized profile aluminum. A multifunctional junction box with bypass diodes is installed on the back.


Multifunctional junction box

Thanks to this manufacturing technology, LG NeON ™ 2 modules have a characteristic black color that makes them attractive from an aesthetic point of view.


Rated power 315 watts.
Efficiency 19.2%

N type
Dimensions (LxWxD) 1640x1000x40 mm
Weight 17.0 ± 0.5 kg
Connector type MC-4
Degree of protection IP67
The cost of the module is 30,000 rubles

Solar battery BenQ SunForte 333 PM096B00

In 2001, two large Chinese companies active in the field of photovoltaics merged in the city of Hsinchu in Taiwan. The new club was called BenQ Solar. This combined company immediately made itself known in world markets by introducing high quality, high performance helium modules.

A solid research base and high-tech production facilities enable the company to continuously improve its products by introducing the most advanced technologies. In 2013, the company began manufacturing helium modules using what is known as "back-contact technology".

By using this technology, the performance of solar cells could be increased dramatically and at the same time the size decreased. At the same time, the efficiency of the products was increased.


Solar battery SunForte PM096B00

The SunForte PM096B00 module is currently the most powerful module from BenQ Solar. The back contact technology enabled an output power of 333 watts with a confirmed efficiency of 20.4%.

Compared to conventional modules with the same overall dimensions, these solar modules produce significantly more electricity, which means that the number of modules and their space requirements can be reduced. The performance losses are 5% over 5 years, 13% over 25 years of operation.


Area with conventional batteries for a home power plant of 4410 watts


Area occupied by SunForte PM096B00 batteries for a 5940 watt home power plant

The modules are certified according to IEC / EN 61215, IEC / EN 61730 and UL 1703.
The cells of the module are laminated with a three-layer EVA film coating, the module itself is protected by hardened, impact-resistant glass with a 3.2 mm thick anti-reflective coating. On the back of the module there is a multifunctional junction box with bypass diodes and connecting cables. The module is enclosed in a black anodized aluminum profile.

The main features of the module.
Nominal power 333 watts.
Efficiency 20.4%
Number of cells 96 (8x12) pieces
Material monocrystalline silicon
Cell type High efficiency with return conductors
Dimensions (LxWxD) 1559x1046x46 mm
Weight 18.6
Type of TE connector compatible with MC-4
Degree of protection IP67
The cost of the module is 34,000 rubles.

NeON ™ 2 BiFacial solar cell

The real highlight of the Munich INTERSOLAR EUROPE 2016 was the NeON ™ 2 BiFacial Helium Panel from the South Korean company LG, which presents its latest developments here every year. And in recent years these innovations have received the highest awards in the exhibition. 2016 was no exception. The double-sided helium module NeON ™ 2 BiFacial has rightly received another award.


LG NeON ™ 2 BiFacial Helium battery

It is the most powerful and efficient module to date. Its transparent photocells not only collect light that falls on the front, but also reflected light that falls on the back of the cells.


LG Regular Cell and NeON ™ 2 BiFacial Cell

The front of this solar module generates 310 watts of electricity under optimal conditions. The back of the panel generates an additional 30% of the power of the front panel. The confirmed maximum power of the module is 400 watts! Rated power not less than 375 watts.

In addition, the NeON ™ 2 BiFacial module uses LG's latest technology, Cello Technology ™. This technology made it possible to redirect guiding paths. The generated current paths to the module output were distributed over 12 thin conductors, which reduces the power losses compared to conventional circuits.


New technologies from LG

The main features of the module.
Rated power 375 watts.
Maximum power 400 watts.
Deviation of the nominal power 0 / + 3%
Efficiency 19.6%
Number of cells 60 (6x10) pieces
Material monocrystalline silicon
Connector type MC-4
Degree of protection IP67


Solar battery NeON ™ 2 BiFacial at INTERSOLAR EUROPE 2016

The next INTERSOLAR EUROPE exhibition will take place in Munich from May 31 to June 2, 2017. And there is no doubt that new products and solar panels with much higher power will appear on it. Science does not stand still.

Of all the alternative energy sources known to mankind, the most popular today are solar panels, batteries, and other solar power generators. Given the current cost of energy, many wonder where to buy solar panels for their home, what their prices are, and if there are ready-made solutions. And since the rise in the exchange rate has a direct impact on the solvency of the population, more and more citizens are eager to learn more about panels made in Russia.

What are solar panels and how are they used for the home?

Despite the fact that this type of power supply for private households is already over 30 years old, there are not many specialists in this field. Why is the use of solar panels so beneficial for a home? The answer is simple: you only have to pay for the equipment and installation, then the energy source is free! In countries like the PR China, the USA, France, Italy and Germany, up to 30% of the population install roof batteries to use billions of inexhaustible kilowatts of solar energy. If it's free what's the secret?


The operating principle of a battery is as follows: Imagine a semiconductor made of crystals (e.g. silicon) that converts light quanta into components of an electrical current. The tablet contains hundreds of thousands of such crystals. Depending on the power required, the area of ​​such a cover ranges from a few square centimeters (think of the pocket calculator) to hundreds of square meters - for orbital stations, for example.

Despite the obvious simplicity of the devices, their use on the territory of Russia is very limited - depending on the climate, weather, time of year and day. In order for the system to supply power to the network, you must purchase:

  • a battery that stores energy during power surges;
  • an inverter that converts direct current to alternating current;
  • a system that monitors battery charge.

Briefly about consumption

The average family of 4 uses 250-300 kWh per month. Solar modules for domestic use provide an average of 100 watts per square meter. m per day (in clear weather). To get full power to the house, you'll need to install at least 30, ideally 40 sections, which will cost at least $ 10,000. In this case, the roof should face south, and the number of sunny days per month should be no less than 18-20 on average. Below is a map of sunny days.


Conclusion: Solar panels are well suited as a substitute source for electrical energy. In addition, you need to know how to choose them so that there is enough power for the household's needs. However, regardless of accidents, your home will always have power.

1. Panels from CJSC Telecom-STV

The Russian company Telecom-STV (Zelenograd) produces products that are on average 30% cheaper than the German ones: prices start at 5,600 rubles. for 100 W panels. The panels from this manufacturer have an efficiency of up to 20-21%. The main feature of this company is the patented technology for the production of silicon wafers with a diameter of up to 15 mm and solar modules based on them.


Which Telecom-STV CJSC battery can be displayed? The most popular model is called TSM, followed by a label depending on the power: from 15 to 230 W (the price is approximate).

modelPower, W.Dimensions, mmWeight (kgPrice, rub.
TSM-1518 430 × 232 × 431,45 from 3,500
TSM-4044 620 × 540 × 434,05 from 6,000
TSM-5048 620 × 540 × 434,05 from 6 575
TSM-80A80 773 × 676 × 436,7 from 8 500
TSM-80B80 773 × 676 × 436,7 from 9,000
TSM-95A98 1,183 × 563 × 437,9 from 10 750
TSM-95V98 1,183 × 563 × 437,9 from 11,000
TSM-110A115 1.050 × 665 × 438,8 from 12 500
TSM-110V115 1.050 × 665 × 438,8 from 12 800
..
TSM-270A270 1,633 × 996 × 4318,5 from 23 370

The main type of panels produced is monocrystalline, although each model can also be represented as multi (poly) crystalline. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages (see table).

The choice is limited by the budget, of course, so we will continue to consider other inexpensive and reliable devices from Russian manufacturers.

2. Hevel - a plant in Chuvashia

One of the largest manufacturers of solar modules in Russia is Hevel. In 2017, the company modernized its production and switched from thin-film to a new heterostructure technology for the production of solar modules. The modules of the new generation combine the advantages of thin-film and crystal technology and ensure efficient operation of the module at high and low temperatures (from -50 ° C to + 85 ° C) and with diffuse light. The average efficiency of a solar module is 20%. According to this indicator, the modules of the Hevel Group are among the top 3 in the world. The service life of the module is at least 25 years.


For example, what Hevel battery can you see? Here is a table with the parameters of the most popular heterostructure module:

3. Ryazan ZMKP

The Ryazan cermet machine has been in operation since 1963. Since 2002 it has been converted to the international quality control system ISO 9001 and produces panels strictly according to its requirements, as well as according to the standards of GOST 12.2.007-75.

The company's price list includes two current RZMP models with an output of 130 and 220 W. Their efficiency varies between 12 and 17.1%. Solar cells are attached to a painted aluminum base using a series connection method. Here are their comparative properties:

The RZMP 130-T is suitable for the autonomous supply of individual rooms, household appliances (e.g. a boiler). The more powerful model from 220 to 240 W is more often purchased for emergency supply for the entire house. The cost varies from 13,200 to 14,400 rubles. per module.

4. Krasnodar "Saturn"

The panels of Kuban production have been manufactured since 1971. During that time, the company has manufactured more than 20,000 square meters of products. "Saturn" uses two of its own mastered production technologies - based on single crystal grown silicon or gallium arsenide with a germanium substrate.The latter have the highest possible performance and are used to supply critical systems (petrol stations, companies with a continuous cycle, etc.).


Both types of modules can be made on any frame, from meshes and foils to metal (anodized aluminum) to string types. Photovoltaic converters can be:

  • with a polished surface;
  • with built-in diodes;
  • with aluminum mirror.

Here are the main energy properties of FEP "Saturn", depending on the type:

These properties are relevant for wearers of all sizes: At Saturn you can order prefabricated modules for the roof of a holiday home as well as miniature solar modules for sensors, converters, electrical products and batteries. You are only guided by prices in the sales department.

5. "Solar wind" (solar wind)

This company is located in Ukraine. There is a similar company in Russia that acts more as an investor and distributor. Solar Wind produces solar modules from 1 to 15 kWh. Depending on the purpose and performance, the module can contain from a few to several tens of batteries. For example, a 1,000 W battery contains 5 modules, a 30 A charge controller, a 150 A / h battery (2 parts in a set) and a 1,200 V inverter. The battery has a lifespan of up to 18 years.


Note: If you buy Solarwind devices for the year-round energy supply of a residential building, you should need at least 10 kW / h.

To get an impression of the possibilities of solar wind photovoltaic systems (Ukraine) with an output of 1,000 to 15,000 W, we offer a comparison table based on a day of consumption.

Module output, kW / h1 3 5 10 15
Example of power supply for various systems (overall)
Light bulb (energy saving if used 4 hours a day)4 things. 11 W.10 pieces. 15 W.10 pieces. 20 W.20 pcs. 20 W.40 pcs. 20 W.
air conditioningWon't be enough Won't be enough Won't be enough1 hour a day3 hours a day
Laptop 40 W / h 4 hours 4 hours 4 hours 4 hours4 hours
TV50 W / h, 3 hours a day50 W / h, 4 hours a day150 W / h, 4 hours a day150 W / h, 3 hours a day150 W / h, 4 hours a day
Satellite TV antenna, 20 W / h3 hours a day4 hours a day4 hours a day3 hours a day3 hours a day
fridgeWon't be enough100 W / h, 24 hours a day10 W / h, 24 hours a day150 W / h, 24 hours a day150 W / h, 24 hours a day
Washing machineWon't be enough900 W / h, 40 min per day900 W / h, 1 hour per day1,500 W / h, 1 hour per day1,500 W / h, 1 hour per day
Vacuum cleaner, 900 W / hWon't be enoughWon't be enough2 times a week for 1 hour2 times a week for 1 hour2 times a week for 1 hour

6. "Quant" solar batteries

The "Kvant" NPP was the first company to manufacture silicon solar cells with bilateral sensitivity and gallium arsenide single crystals. The most popular model today is the "Quantum KSM" and its modification KSM-180P. The cost of such a battery does not exceed 18,000 rubles, and its service life reaches 40 years.


However, the properties of all modules are listed here. They can be ordered in both monocrystalline and polycrystalline versions. The specific energy property is higher with monocrystalline panels and reaches 200 W / m2. Compared with foreign analogues, "Kvant" is optimal due to its low price and relatively small reduction in efficiency during the entire service life.

CharacteristicKSM-80KSM-90KSM-100KSM-180KSM-190KSM-205
Nominal power, W.80–85 90–95 98–103 180–185 190–195 205–210
Short circuit current, A.5,4–5,6 5,5–5,7 5,8–5,9 5,4–5,6 5,5–5,9 5,6–6,1
Open circuit voltage, V.21,2–21,5 22,2–22,4 22,8–23,0 34,8–36,6 35,1–37,2 35,9–37,8
Number of solar cells36 36 36 72 72 72
Dimensions, mm1210 × 547 × 351210 × 547 × 351210 × 547 × 351586 × 806 × 351586 × 806 × 351586 × 806 × 35
Junction box, TÜVIP66IP66IP66IP66IP66IP66
Weight (kg8,5 8,5 8,5 16 16 16
Efficiency,%17,5 18,3 18,7 17,8 18,4 19,0

7. Sun Power - portable solar panels

Sun Power company is located in Ukraine and is mostly known for the transportable solar complexes it produces. With their help, you can obtain electricity even under field conditions. These complexes are characterized by mobility, small size and portability. They have a USB output and an output of up to 500 watts.


Other Features of Sun Portable Power Panels:

  • service life - up to 30 years;
  • has international CE RoHC certification;
  • the new generation of panels can also be integrated into the facade or roof without losing any of its aesthetics.

It is useful to use such solutions in the autonomous lighting of billboards, roads and sections for campsites and trailers, yachts and boats.

8. "Kvazar" is another Ukrainian manufacturer

Kvazar produces a wide range of photovoltaic systems, including solar panels and chargers. Kvazar solar modules are made from vegetable silicon crystals and have a reinforced aluminum base. The quality guarantee given by the manufacturer is a bit alarming - only 10 years. However, electroluminescence and other laboratory tests confirm a longer lifespan of up to 25 years.

Our choice: Panels - KV175-200 / 24 M (monocrystalline), KV220-255M (also mono), KV210-240P (polyoption), the numbers in the labeling indicate the performance of the device.

The price of batteries is 13,000 rubles. (approximately) 150 watts. In addition to solar collectors, "Kvazar" produces photovoltaic converters with cells from 4 × 4 to 6 × 6 inches with an efficiency of up to 18.7%.

9. LLC "Vitasvet"

The Moscow company Vitasvet LLC produces a basic model SSI-LS200 P3 in four power variants: from 225 to 240 W. Each module consists of 60 multicrystalline silicon wafers and is mounted on an aluminum profile.

Here are their main parameters obtained when testing under normal conditions of 800 W / m2:

Battery power, W.225 230 235 240
Max. Voltage, V.29,6 29,7 29,8 30,2
Short circuit current, A.8,1 8,34 8,41 8,44
Efficiency,%13,5 13,8 14,1 14,5

Cost - 12 800 rubles. for a 240 W panel.

10. "Thermotron" plant (Bryansk)

Termotron produces autonomous solar-powered street lighting systems and mini-autonomous solar stations. The first are delivered on the basis of serial modules with high posts.


Features of Termotron autonomous street lighting systems:

  • operating temperature range - -40 ... + 50 ° C;
  • beam opening angle - 135 by 90 degrees;
  • guaranteed lifespan - 12 years in urban conditions;
  • support height - from 6 to 11 m;
  • power - from 30 to 160 W.

The autonomous station "Ecoterm" produced by the facility will be of interest to owners of country houses and land. It is also used on farms, switchboards, to equip rural schools, hospitals and shops. The station is powered by a 14.5 kW diesel generator. The price for the generated energy with the amount of 18 photo processing elements is 5.12 rubles / kW, the payback period is up to 5 years (ask the manufacturer for the price of the station).

Conclusion


We carried out a review of several leading companies in the so-called photovoltaic industry in Russia and Ukraine, which we hope will give a first impression of the feasibility of using solar panels and allow us to make the right decision. These are not all brands, but the most popular and for sale are as follows.

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20 years ago, the electricity generated from solar energy seemed simply fantastic to us. But today you won't surprise anyone.

Residents of European countries have long understood all the benefits of solar energy and are now lighting the streets, heating houses, charging various devices, etc. This review focuses on the next generation of solar panels designed to make our lives easier and protect the environment.

Types of SB

The principle of the solar battery. (Click to enlarge) Today there are more than ten types of solar devices used in any given industry. Each type has its own characteristics and operational characteristics.

The functional principle of silicon solar cells: Sunlight hits the silicon (silicon-hydrogen) panel. The material of the plate in turn changes the direction of the orbits of the electrons, after which the transducers emit an electrical current.

These devices can be roughly divided into four types. We'll take a closer look at them below.

Monocrystalline plates

Monocrystalline SB The difference between these converters is that the light-sensitive cells are only directed in one direction.

This enables the highest degree of efficiency - up to 26%. At the same time, however, the panel must always be directed towards the light source (the sun), otherwise the recoil force will be significantly reduced.

In other words, such a plate is good only in sunny weather. In the evening and on a cloudy day, this type of panel gives a little energy. Such a battery is optimal for the southern regions of our country.

Polycrystalline solar panels

Polycrystalline SB The panels of solar collectors contain silicon crystals that are directed in different directions, which results in a relatively low efficiency (16-18%).

However, the main advantage of this type of solar module is its excellent efficiency in poor and diffuse light. Such a battery supplies the batteries with power even in cloudy weather.

Amorphous plates

Amorphous SB Amorphous wafers are made by sputtering silicon and impurities in a vacuum. A layer of silicon is applied to a permanent layer of special foil. The efficiency of such devices is rather low and does not exceed 8-9%.

The low "recoil" is explained by the fact that a thin layer of silicon burns out under the influence of sunlight.

Practice shows that after two to three months of active operation of an amorphous solar module, the efficiency drops by 12-16%, depending on the manufacturer. The service life of such panels is no more than three years.

Their advantages are their low cost and the ability to convert energy even in rainy weather and fog.

Hybrid solar panels

Hybrid SB The specialty of such blocks is that they combine amorphous silicon and single crystals. In terms of parameters, the panels are similar to polycrystalline counterparts.

The specialty of such converters is the best conversion of solar energy under scattered light conditions.

Polymer batteries

Polymer SB Many users consider it a promising alternative to today's silicon plates. This is a film made up of polymer syringes, aluminum conductors and a protective layer.

Its peculiarity is that it is light, easily bends, rotates, and does not break. The efficiency of such a battery is only 4-6%. However, the low cost and convenience of use make this type of solar battery very popular.

Expert advice: To save time, nerves, and money, buy solar panels from specialty stores and trusted websites.

New developments

Technologies are developing rapidly every day and the production of solar models does not stand still. We invite you to familiarize yourself with the latest innovations in the solar systems market.

Solar roof tiles

Sun shingles In order not to spoil the aesthetics of the roof of the house and at the same time preserve free solar energy, you can consider buying sun shingles. This finishing material consists of a fairly durable housing and built-in photocells.

The roofing generates enough energy to be used in a domestic environment. When using such material equipment, it is possible to operate a separate dedicated power grid or to feed power into a common grid.

In any case, the total energy costs are reduced.

The leader in the production of solar tiles is a Russian company - "Innovatix". It has been selling high quality interior decoration materials with integrated photocells for over a decade.

Interestingly, even at close range, such shingles are difficult to distinguish from ordinary roofing material.

Advantages of solar roof tiles:

  1. The semiconductor material used to connect the photocells has been reduced by four times.
  2. The innovative solar focusing system delivers five times more energy.
  3. The average lifespan of solar tiles is 20 years.
  4. The relatively low weight of the tiles means that there is no negative pressure on the roof.
  5. The strength of the solar roof tile allows it to be used in all weather conditions. The shingles can easily withstand hail and other precipitation.
  6. The simplicity of the fasteners allows you to reliably install the tiles in the shortest possible time.

Solar windows

Solar Windows Three years ago, a new development by American designers from Pythagorus Solar Windows appeared on the solar technology market. The essence of the innovation is to use the window glass as a solar panel.

Such panels are fully used in high-rise buildings in European cities. This enables significant energy savings.

Solar window technology is the use of solar cells in the form of silicon strips that are embedded between panes of glass. In addition to the fact that the windows generate additional electricity, the window protects the room from overheating and traps sunlight. Outwardly, solar windows are similar to the usual blinds.

Another manufacturer of solar windows "Solaris Plus" offers the use of special glass that has been treated with a special silicon coating. The strips convert the sun's rays into electricity, which powers the battery through translucent conductors.

Hybrid photocells

In 2015, American designers developed hybrid photovoltaic cells that can be used to convert electricity not only from sunlight, but also from heat. The essence of the design lies in the use of silicon photocells and PEDOT polymer films.

The photocell is fixed with a pyroelectric film and connected to a thermoelectric device that can convert heat into electricity.

Tests of the new hybrid technology have shown that the new thermal film can generate ten times more electricity than a standard solar panel.

Biological energy systems

Research by specialists from Cambridge University has not yet produced any concrete results in the development of a new generation of solar systems that convert biological energy (photosynthesis). Recent results have shown an efficiency of less than 0.4%.

But development doesn't stop and scientists promise that in the near future they will get energy from biological solar systems.

The battery options are impressive:

  1. A daylight lamp powered by common forest moss.
  2. Power plants in the form of large leaves.
  3. Plant panels for home use.
  4. Masts made of plants, from which they produce electricity and much more.

We hope that the new generation solar systems will be used to the maximum in the near future. This makes it possible to provide electricity to every home on the planet without harming the environment.

Watch a video about next generation solar panels: