Did Hitler ever admit that he was racist


News for German Socialists in England

This newsletter is published for the information of Social Democratic
refugees from Germany who are opposing dictatorship of any kind.

No. 38 - 1942

June 1st

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The late offensive

Predictably, Hitler decided to launch an offensive on the Russian southern front and in North Africa; but the decision must not have been an easy one for him. Later than in previous years, his and his vassal armies have set in motion this time; at a time when the Balkans offensive almost ended a year ago and Norway, Holland and Belgium were overrun two years ago.

And even if it is still too early today to talk about the fate of this year's offensive by Hitler, it is already clear that it no longer bears any resemblance to the lightning-fast fore-marches on the Western Front in 1940, in the Balkans and in Russia in 1941 . It turns out that the statement that the immense sacrifices of Hitler's armies in the previous year robbed them of much of their initial thrust has been proven to be correct; There is also much to be said for the assumption that Hitler began this year's offensive more out of an obligation to act than out of the certainty of success.

The assumption expressed here at the beginning of the Russian campaign: that this campaign will not be a blitzkrieg, but a war of exhaustion, has come closer to confirmation than ever before due to the course of the battles for Kharkov and on the Donets.

During the past few months it has been doubtful whether the obstructive conditions of the Russian winter were not the main reason for the slowdown in the advance and the sometimes considerable withdrawal. But now - at least in the area where the main battles are underway - there is no longer winter, but rather

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Springweather; and it becomes clear that the nature of the battle has changed regardless of the weather or season. The drawn millions of the most trained and fanatical Hitler soldiers could not be replaced by fascist volunteers from non-German countries and borrowed divisions from Balkan states, even if the replacement of the lost and destroyed war material would have been possible during the winter time [...].

In addition, Hitler - desiring to get closer to the Japanese "rescuers", to cut up the British empire and to steal the oil of the Caucasus, Persia and Iraq - could not limit the thrust to the Russian front, but at the same time that Attempted again a year ago, a failed attack on the Suez Canal.

With that he had to force himself the war on two fronts, which he fears, and it remains to be seen how far the simultaneous struggle against the Russian armies on the Black Sea and the British on the Mediterranean will lead him.

It must be emphasized again and again that this question is not just a military one, but also a political one.

On the side of the forces fighting against Hitler it is a question of purposeful cooperation and understanding about common intentions, which should not be spoiled by any agitation with short-term slogans. On the side of the fascist powers it is the question of how long their rule over the ruled and subjugated peoples can be maintained in view of the lack of "final victory" and the increasingly critical supply situation on the European continent.

As dense as the veil is that lies over the events in the Hitler Reich and as dangerous exaggerated conclusions from individual events are, the significance of the many signs that there have been lately for the growing tension in Hitler's area of ​​rule can not be misunderstood.

Hitler's speech against the opposition was followed by an alarming Göring speech about the seriousness of the war situation,[1] on the cultural battles in Norway[2] and the waves of assassinations in France[3] followed by the Prague shots against the Gestapo beast Heydrich[4]that now after being in the blood

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German, Norwegian and Czech freedom fighters waded, was sullied for the first time by their own blood. The Gestapo response to these outbursts of indignation and resistance is new, wilder terror; and that the news of new mass executions is coming from Germany itself suggests that, with the hints of Hitler's speech in the Reichstag and Darré's dismissal[5] speak louder for the crisis and the opposition in the Third Reich than any propaganda that does not want to hear about this crisis and this opposition.

If you look at all the facts that illustrate the changed situation in this year, you can see that more depends on the outcome of the late Hitler offensive in the third year of the war than on any of the previous years.

The fact that the high American military came to London again to deliberate on the strategy of future struggles shows that the leaders of the democratic struggle are aware of the importance of the situation and of their responsibilities.

The question of how long the war will last cannot be answered in advance, and the answer does not depend on wishes and resolutions.

It is more important to wage the war with that clarity in recognizing all dangers and possibilities and with that determination to victory over the powers of fascism and betrayal, which guarantees the final victory and enables a just peace.

The dangerous advance of the Japanese against India and China has not yet been completely halted, nor has the threat to Australia been completely removed. The fate of Hitler's plans in Russia and the Middle East has not yet been finally decided.

But more than ever before, the confidence and determination of all those who, despite all the disappointments and difficulties they experienced during the years of Hitler's rule, never believe in the ultimate victory over tyranny and the eventual liberation of the oppressed peoples is justified wavered and never paused in battle.

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The reorganization of the German war economy.

In the course of a few months a number of important positions in the organization of the German war economy have been filled with new people.

Dr. Fischböck[6] the successor of Josef Wagner[7], made the attempt to replace the infinitely complicated system of price calculation with so-called fixed prices for armaments contracts. Professor Speer[8], the successor of the unfortunate Dr. Dead[9] (Minister for Armaments and Ammunition), it took a relatively long time before he succeeded in forming a central organization for its main commissions and industry in the new "Performance Council".

Dr. Wireless[10], Minister of Economics and President of the Reichsbank, did away with the system of chambers of industry, commerce and commerce at one stroke. Dr. Mansfeld failed as successor to Dr. Syrups[11] and had to make way for Sauckel[12]who was given unrestricted powers to supply the armaments industry and agriculture with workers.

Finally Darré, who as Minister of Agriculture since June 1933 had tried in vain to make Germany self-sufficient, disappeared.

Among the numerous ordinances that were issued at the same time as these personnel changes, the introduction of compulsory labor in agriculture, the ordinance for the protection of the armaments industry and the transfer of profits deserved special attention. These ordinances have two things in common: The most severe penalties, including the death penalty, are threatened for violations of the new ordinances, which are also intended to give entrepreneurs greater "personal responsibility".

At first glance, it seems impossible to bring order to this bewildering plethora of new regulations and changes. The famous economic generals of the Wehrmacht suddenly seem to have lost their importance. Dr. Funk, the economics minister, is said to have tried terribly to make Goering's "four-year office plan" superfluous.[13] Dr. Fischböck, the new price commissioner, was seen as a confidante of the industry, which had defended itself against Josef Wagner because Wagner had demanded that all profits should be transferred to the state treasury.

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Under these circumstances, is there any way of knowing the real causes of these changes?

The Nazi press, and especially the endless discussions in the leading business press, clearly show that simply trying to increase working hours in industry for the new production program that became necessary after the failure of the first attack on the Soviet Union did not increase production brought.

The new system of fixed prices for armaments contracts favored large businesses and prevented the absolutely necessary production in medium-sized and small businesses. At the same time, the increasing shortage of workers required an increased rationalization of work processes.

All attempts to simplify production failed because of the abundance of calculation and production regulations that were issued centrally. The allocation of material and workers came to a standstill because the central authorities were no longer able to regulate and monitor production in detail.

Professor Speer, the youngest among the new business leaders, found the very simple solution of having the entire production supervised by commissions of engineers, regardless of the private interests of the entrepreneurs and regardless of the cost of production. The Wehrmacht and private industry were ultimately successful against this attempt to hand over the entire armaments industry to Professor Speer's engineers through the organization of the Armaments Council, which consists of representatives of the Wehrmacht, the so-called self-responsible organization of the economy and certain leading corporations in the arms industry.

This new central organization now faced the coexistence of numerous dependent regional organizations. Dr. Funk invented a new regional organization in the Gau Chamber of Commerce, which will unite chambers of industry and commerce, craft chambers, chambers of commerce and numerous specialist groups from the industrial groups into one organization for each Gau. In a word, the consequence of this reorganization is the end of central planning. The only question is whether the increasing shortage of material makes this decentralization possible.

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The future development in agriculture is not yet clearly recognizable. However, the situation can be roughly described. The unusually harsh winter has exacerbated the shortage of workers, machines and fertilizers. The complete utilization of the existing machines is only possible if the grain and root crops are cultivated in the rural areas of Germany without regard to the ownership structure. Lack of feed makes it impossible to maintain the pig population, the main source of meat and animal fats in the diet.

A new "pig murder" (similar to 1916)[14] seems inevitable. The feed and nutrition situation would be temporarily saved on the basis of the significantly reduced food rations. The action itself would at first enormously strengthen the position of the large landowner. Darré, the inventor of the "blood and soil" theory[15], the hereditary farms and the market organization, has probably rejected the radical solution of the concentration of farms and the murder of pigs.

The reorganization suggested here is by no means complete. It is in full development. The mass of workers and peasants, however, has become a mere object with which people experiment ruthlessly. Sauckel has absolute powers, and the political Gauleiter as his representatives are absolute rulers over the workers. The insoluble difficulties of the German war economy are thus placed under the direct supervision of the Nazi party, and everyone, even the slightest violation of the regulations, becomes a political attack on the Nazi regime. This fact partly explains the increased terror that has become apparent in Germany over the past few weeks.

Seen through Swiss glasses ...

We received a few reports from Switzerland, from which we take the following impressions about the situation in Germany - seen with Swiss eyes:

"... Now the mood is starting to deteriorate. In Berlin there were 2 pounds of potatoes per capita per week in the course of the winter, and no vegetables at all. It was no better in western Germany.

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Add to that the new cuts in food rations, then you can get an idea of ​​what it actually looks like ... The people are to be held down by deterrence, while at the same time appealing to the lowest instincts of the masses. One only has to follow the recent death sentences and the reign of terror and the real situation in the country will be revealed. When mayors like the one from the Catholic Office Mayschoss in the Koblenz district are executed and when even sisters from sanatoriums and nursing homes get their turn, as the judgment of the Koenigsberg Special Court against three sisters shows, of which the head nurse [the] death penalty is also a kitchen sister [who] received the death penalty and another sister for 10 years in prison, if the butchers now also get it, who are executed - and all because of food, then you can get an idea ...

All of this lies in the course of the sermons of the Bishop of Munster.[16] Do you know that he was about to be arrested for preaching? They then refrained from doing so because they feared unrest in West Germany. Westphalian farmers are said to have declared that in such a case they would move to Münster and storm the prison ...

In the meantime, the robbery of Germany continues. After the brass and copper pans etc. have long been powdered and the Norwegian church bells no longer exist, the German church bells are now being turned on again, more thoroughly than in 1914/18. The remaining monuments are also included, including those that survived the World War for national reasons. Everything goes to the melting pot. The bombings are also becoming more and more terrible and the German people are now feeling firsthand what was previously taken for granted when the English cities and Belgrade, Warsaw, etc. were bombed by the German side. I've seen pictures of Aachen, entire streets are shaved away except for the basement. In Lübeck there is only a burnt-out heap of rubble from the cathedral and all around is also only rubble ... The hope of creating a hateful mood against England has hardly any visible effect ...

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Even the soldiers who come on leave from the Eastern Front do not agree with the tone of the official Nazi propaganda. You speak neither of 'red bandits' nor of 'Bolshevik plague', but of 'Ivan' or 'Russkis'. The terrible experiences and experiences of the winter campaign in Russia loosen the tongues of the soldiers, and the question of the meaning of this war is often discussed ...

The system now has to admit that work performance has dropped significantly. One blames this on the numerous foreign workers and is always looking for new means of defense ...

If the working time suddenly increases from 60 to 72 hours without wage compensation and the entrepreneur still gets a right from the trustee, if the workforce of a company is dissatisfied with the wages and the trustee called by the entrepreneur refuses to circumvent the wage freeze, then the stored feelings of the workers must the injustice done to them will one day break out ...

Large new appointments have been made in Germany up to the last few weeks. In order to compensate for the losses, forces are brought in from abroad, as far as this is possible. A general manager of a major West German city was here recently to hire local artists in order to even be able to keep his gaming operations up to date. He said, among other things: 'We are currently experiencing great suffering and the suffering is getting bigger and bigger, because every day people from my circle of friends and my staff receive new mourning messages. Add to that the bombings, it is understandable when the longing for peace keeps growing. A Reich German who appears to be employed in the local German service and is an enthusiastic Nazi travels to Germany repeatedly. The last time, a few days ago, he came back quite upset. He then went out of his way and said that the matter could hardly be saved and that the crisis in the system was unstoppable. The man most depressed was the realization that Germany has now completely ceased to be a constitutional state and that there are now large numbers of shootings.He also reported that the sixteen-year-olds were now being called up in his hometown and that even the Nazi women would grumble about it ... "

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The resistance in Czechoslovakia

is the subject of two recently published by the London weekly newspaper "The Czechoslovak"[17] published books, both of which deal with the bloody events since Heydrich's arrival in Prague at the end of last year. But Jiri Hroneks "Volcano under Hitler"[18], which was essentially written before, gives more than one report on the Nazi judiciary that we already know from the "peace years" of the Third Reich and that has now expanded beyond the borders of Germany to almost the entire continent. Hronek's writing tries to give a representation of the Czechoslovak resistance against the German occupation and the Czech fascist accomplices of this occupation, and the author has succeeded in making the picture of this resistance movement as clear and comprehensive as the incomplete material and the offer Allow confidentiality.

In the modification caused by the war conditions and the national elements of the Czechoslovak "illegality" [it] is the same picture that the anti-fascist resistance offers in all fascist-ruled countries: We hear of the organized flight of the opposition leaders, of the formation of new cells of the Resistance, from illegal leaflets, magazines and slogans, from files of individual terror and systematic sabotage, from the spiritual resistance of a part of the intellectuals, from the forbidden wiretapping of the London radio and the dissemination of the intercepted information, we also hear from the "Quislings" of Czechoslovakia - and see all of this illustrated in the reproduction of illegal leaflets and drawings.

Some of the most interesting information that Hronek's book gives relates to the participation of the German opposition in the Czechoslovak resistance. Hronek's book gives numerous cases in which soldiers of the German occupation army helped Czech opposition leaders or persecuted illegal fighters to escape or took part in anti-Hitler propaganda. And in a separate chapter "The International of Slaves" he comes to talk about the development that is still far too little noticed but is so important for the future of Europe and is looming in many companies in Germany

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which German and foreign workers from different countries in Europe are now working together. Hronek says: "German workers are forbidden to come into contact with the Czechs under threat of heavy fines. But this is of course difficult to enforce in the factories, so in the German factories where Czechs and other foreign mechanics work side by side , a kind of real slave international is emerging, which has practical consequences ... A shop steward in the factory warned the Czech workers on their arrival: 'Don't be quick, here we set the pace of work.' The result is that in many German factories, work that used to take an hour now takes half a day or more ...

There are reports of cases in which Czech and German workers came to an agreement and worked together against the Nazi informant system in the factories ... It is said of the inhumane treatment of German workers by the Nazis because these workers spoke to foreigners and helped them. There is a reason for that. The Nazis fear that the contact between German and foreign workers will create the nucleus of a real slave international that will one day rise up against the oppressors and overthrow them. "

E.V. Erdelys Font "Prague braves the hangman"[19] is more sparse as far as information is concerned about the Czech and German illegal movement in Czechoslovakia.

The actual political questions are less clear in this book: instead, it contains an instructive description of the events that led to Neurath's replacement by Heydrich and the arrest of Prime Minister Elias[20] and led to the terror reports and executions ordered by Heydrich.

Erdely's book contains interesting details about Heydrich himself and about the most prominent of his victims, and anyone who remembers Prague and the last political currents of the Czechoslovak Republic will find much in Erdely's book to understand the present situation. We recommend our friends to purchase these cheap fonts.

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Our greetings to the Norwegian people

Hans Vogel has sent the following messages to the
Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Lie

"Dear Sir,

in my capacity as the Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and of the Union of German Socialist Organizations in Great Britain I have the honor of communicating to you the sincerest greetings of the German Socialists on the occasion of the Norwegian National Day.

For the third time the Norwegian people celebrate their National Day under the blood-stained rule of terror which the German national-socialist usurper has imposed upon their homeland. For three years the Norwegian people have set an immortal example of unequalled courage and devotion, and it is their gallant struggle for the liberation of their country that inspires all freedom loving people throughout the world with the certainty of final victory.

On this your National Day we German Socialists in exile feel more heavily than ever the terrible burden of guilt which the barbarous Hitler regime, by the crimes committed in all countries of Europe, has imposed upon the German nation. May we be allowed to assure you of our deep conviction that the responsibility we feel for the reparation of the execrable misdeeds that are being perpetrated in the name of the German nation is shared by our friends at home. They are part of the force which is at work inside Germany today striving for the overthrow of the Hitler regime and the extermination of the hangmen and their gang.

In sending the greetings of the German Socialists to the Norwegian people on their National Day we are firm in the belief that the day will come when the bonfires blazing from the mountains of Norway announcing the triumphant return of freedom will be greeted and reflected by beacons flaming in Germany. "

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We received the following reply:

Royal Norwegian Ministry
of Foreign Affairs

London, S.W. 7.

Dear Sir,

I greatly appreciate the stirring message of sympathy you were good enough to send me on the occasion of the Norwegian National Day in your capacity of Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and for the Union of German Socialist organizations in Great Britain.

Please accept my sincere thanks for your so encouraging words.

Yours sincerely,

Trygve Lie

American letter

When I went ashore in New York in January of last year, the customs officer asked me in the usual unconventional way. "Well, what are you bringing us?" He spoke German and meant customs. "Unfortunately, I am bringing you bad news," I replied, "we are bringing inflation, rationing and war. Everywhere we have gone so far." - He didn't let me finish. "War? No, sir, America doesn't make war. And rationing, in the US?" He patted his blue uniform and wanted to laugh out loud.

A few months later the prices became restless and climbed quietly [!]. Then came the war, rapid industrial changes and now, around the turn of April, the most drastic economic measures that the USA has ever seen: freezing of prices for almost everything that the American eats, drinks and needs .. . 'No toothbrush or aspirin pill will be allowed beyond the March price in the future. The rationing of coffee and sugar is in prospect. At the same time, various parties are calling for the rapidly rising wages to be frozen accordingly.

The economic effects of the above measures cannot yet be overlooked. Their purpose: to counteract the dangers of inflation, to limit the consumption of goods, to lower the standard of living, to increase war production.

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And here, in the land of the waste of goods, there are still all sorts of restrictions. Used bottles with beautiful closures are still being thrown into the rubbish bin, and paper bags are still being thrown at buyers. Uncle Sam's face, which looks at us admonishingly on many posters, has taken on energetic features. The newspapers still claim that the people are living too carefree in a peaceful mood.

But that only seems so, because a lot of things happen around voluntarily and without grumbling. There is no shortage of air wardens, blood donors, women and girls who volunteer for Red Cross aid. There are already US female aviation squadrons that will play a role in civil aviation as voluntary aid to the air force and are well trained in all air service skills. Your male colleagues jokingly call these squadrons 'the powder puffs'.

The navy is also given a 'petticoat department' to free thousands of men for sea service. Similar to the British Wrens [= Women's Royal Naval Service], these women will do coastal service. There should be 'Sailorettes' very soon: a bill passed in the Senate that allows women to join the Navy as sailors. An amendment says, however, that no member of the women's corps should be used in combat.

No doubt, many women take Uncle Sam's first face very seriously and are very idealistic. This is also related to the fact that a kind of 'urban flight' is becoming noticeable, which has so far steadily increased the rural exodus. This can not only be explained with the mushroom-like arms factories shooting out of the provincial soil, but also with the urge of many girls, women and men to do agricultural work. The reason: patriotism, longing for green earth and original farm operations - and the awareness that the 'food front' is as important for the outcome of the war as any other front. - Moss-covered heads report to the offices who have already retired and want to have the scent of the stable around them again in the new 'great times'. - Americans have long been considered to be people who go from the country to the city in order to save so that they can go from the city to the country. The war gave this word a new punch. "

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Radio message to Germany

Besides Thomas Mann now also speaks Dorothy Thompson[22] in German on shortwave from USA to Germany. Thanks to the courtesy of the Columbia Broadcasting System (USA), the weekly newspaper "Aufbau" in New York is able to deliver the text of these speeches. Below are some short excerpts from the fourth speech:

"I was told that I was fighting against windmills with these programs. Nobody in Germany would listen to a foreigner, yes, Germany would be a sealed country, but I know Germany too well and my trust in the men and women of every nation is too strong to believe such a thing ...

Several years ago I met a Swedish industrialist and friend of Göring's. He told me about a strange conversation he had had with Goering. Goering informed him that Germany intended to occupy Ukraine because it needed more land for its people. My Swedish friend asked, 'What are you going to do with the people of Ukraine? There are 40 to 50 million people living there! ' - To which Goering replied: 'We will simply sweep them away.' ... 'Do you want to sweep away forty million people - to Asia or from this earth? Sweep away as your leaders do with the Poles and the Southern Slavs? ...

Their leader did not want peace. He wanted power, conquest, domination of Europe and the whole earth. And such things are peacefully [!] Unattainable. Now it seems that your Führer now wants peace, peace with England and us. There are constant reports from Switzerland and Sweden about his peace feelers. The last message was from a banker in Cologne, possibly someone from Schroeder Bank, a banker who is a friend of Papen.[23] And it's the same old story of the western nations trying to unite against Russia.

Goering made the same proposal to the French ambassador Francois-Poncet in the spring of 1933[24] made: "Join a war against Russia!" But France did not want to go to war with anyone. Later the same proposal was made to England.

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The most fantastic thing in this regard was the Hess affair. I know them well. I found out all about it last summer in England. A year ago, on May 10th, the anniversary of the attack on Holland, the Air Force bombed London on a scale that no city in world history has ever seen. It was an attempt to intimidate London and thus all of England. The three greatest historical monuments in England, a property of the entire civilized world, were bombed and partially destroyed: the House of Representatives, the British Museum with the largest library in the world and Westminster Abbey, England's famous place of worship. Hundreds of young children were shredded or burned. The entire civilized world was shaken.

And that same night Hess descended from heaven - Parsifal, the pure fool, the olive branch in hand. He brought the message to the British that Hitler had changed his mind, that he wanted peace and that he wanted to attack Russia instead of England. He invited England to join this new war. England was very tired that day. But all of England laughed. Because England is sober and sensible like all of us ...

Hitler speaks of his New Order with reverence, but then he only finds villains and traitors on whom he relies. Do not indulge in dreams of hope! Germany could have peace tomorrow - a peace that would leave Germany intact.

But the Nazis will never get peace. No way! And no other regime set up as a cover for the Nazis either. Germany will get peace if people show the courage of their conviction and stand up to save Germany and Europe.

today you can have peace before another million German boys die and before all of West Germany is destroyed by bombs.

All anti-Nazis in Germany are faced with the choice: to follow Hitler into a new killing with the possible total destruction of Germany, or to get rid of this regime and save Germany in this way. You know I'm telling the truth, I expect a word from you! Speak to you soon!"

- . - . - . - . -

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The British Workers' Party Annual Conference,

which was held from May 25th to 28th in the Central Hall in London, should have left three main impressions on the numerous continental socialists present: the consistently high one mental level the deliberations, the will for greater political independence and activity with numerous "Rank-and-File" delegates and the excellent share that the Women played at this party convention.

To anticipate this last point: there was no lack of content-based, ingenious, objective and courageous speeches at this conference; but again and again it was women who, either as delegates [!] or as spokespersons for the executive, ruled the huge assembly with certainty and often with sparkling humor.

Just a few names among many that deserve it are mentioned here: Miss Jean Mann[25], a Glasgow community leader who achieved perhaps the greatest oratorical success of the entire conference in the socialization debate: Miss Alice Bacon[26], the youngest board member who, as a professional teacher, deservedly closed a high-quality discussion on educational reform, and Mrs. Barbara Ayrton-Gould, the keynote speaker at our last German May Day celebration in London, who put down trade union objections to state family support with spirited counter-arguments from the practice of the class struggle. Great Britain, the pioneering country of women's suffrage, can be proud of its Labor leaders!

The will to be active, which has shown itself in the English working masses on various occasions over the past few months, did not come as a surprise to those of us who, in recent months, have been given the opportunity to speak on the party's rank-and-file. It made itself felt at the conference repeatedly and in part in a politically sensational form, not least among the younger generation and among women. There is no doubt that the great struggle of the Red Army on the Russian battlefields had a strong psychological effect. So the very narrow, but telling majority is in favor of the motion to lift the ban against the "Daily", which is opposed by the board of directors

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Worker "to explain.(A previous vote showed that the Labor delegates' deep distrust of local party communism has not changed.)

True, the debate about the future ended Keeping truce practice in by-elections with a narrow victory from the Minister of the Interior Herbert Morrison The view taken on behalf of the executive, but the mass flow in favor of greater independence and distancing from the reactionary forces in the country, and even from the overly cautious tendencies in one's own movement, is so clearly noticeable that practical conclusions are likely to emerge soon.

The high level of the party congress, which was mentioned at the beginning, was maintained even in the most heated discussions, e.g. during the witty speaker duel between Aneurin Bevan[27] and Herbert Morrison on truce elections, in which both of them invoked lessons from the German tragedy, and it seemed, both rightly, although they came to opposite conclusions ...

This intellectual level was particularly visible and beneficial in the presentations, discussions and closing remarks on the socialist reorganization after the war (Harold Laski and Emanuel Shinwell[28]), on international problems in the light of the Atlantic Charter (Philip Noel-Baker), about child labor in war (whereby the delegates went further than the formulations of the executive branch) and about the problems of upbringing.

The amazingly young veteran Jim Middleton - a trusted friend of the German Social Democrats, especially in their current bad times - whose age limit the party rightly decided to ignore when he renewed his office as Secretary General, said in his clever closing speech that he welcomed the liveliness of the debates as proof of the Labor Party vitality.

The vitality of the British labor movement could only have a beneficial effect on us German Social Democrats who emigrated because it filled us with fresh hope: it guarantees that after the victory of the United Nations, the British workers will have an important word to say about the fateful decisions of the future.

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war times will have to speak, whereby it recognizes close cooperation with the Soviet Union as necessary and strives for it.

It was almost forgotten to mention the other main characteristic of this party congress, but only because it is a matter of course: the almost unanimous will to military victory over the enemies of humanity. Attlee gave this will in his introductory presentation, with his own honesty, decisiveness and perhaps all too objectivity, unambiguous expression.

The spokesman for the small minority of indomitable pacifists and bearers of the tradition of George Lansburg, Rhys Davies[29], was listened to with respect, but most of the hands that had applauded him out of personal sympathy rose a few minutes later with the voting cards to inflict the same devastating defeat on his well-intentioned but unworldly motions as in the previous year. This will not change in the future, however long the war may last.

V [ictor] Sch [iff]

BBC and Labor Conference

A word of appreciation should be paid to the BBC, which during the four conference days on the evening broadcasts did much to popularize the negotiation problems with its effective reports from the conference. Secretary General J. Middleton delivered his closing address to Gen. P. Gordon Walker[30], who did broadcast coverage of the party convention for the BBC, expressed special thanks to the conference. The entire workers' broadcast on May 29 was devoted to the conference, and it had been possible to deliver a condensed, impressive coverage of the negotiation days that must have had a strong impact on the listeners.

Thorvald Stauning[31] died

Another leading figure of the Socialist International has died. The Danish Prime Minister is inextricably linked to the development of the Danish labor movement, as he was one of the well-known, distinctive figures of European socialism. We remember him as one of our friends!

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Voices of Nations

Under this title, the National Centers of Trade Unionists in Great Britain had invited to an international concert in Islington Central Hall, London. In a two-evening program, German, Czech, French, Italian and Russian composers had their say. The soloists, Henryk Bornstein, Dino Borgioli, Ruzena Herlingerova, Margaret Philipsky and the "moor soldiers"[32] The accompanying singing group received particularly strong applause. Hundreds of voices from those present sang the Marseillaise and the Internationale in different languages. The international of spirit and conviction is alive, as this event proved again. Walter too Schevenels, the general secretary of the ITUC, underlined this insight in his address to the concert community, which explained the purpose of the evening and announced further major events of this kind for the autumn. Commemorating the fighters on the different fronts and the blood sacrifices of the Russians, the speaker found words, words of combative solidarity and camaraderie, words that we heard from the same speaker a few days later on the German workers' program of the London radio to the workers in German factories .

"The Austrian Stage"

in London ended its activity with the performance on May 17th. Starting with a performance of "Don Carlos", the "Oesterreichische Bühne" association now wants to run the newly founded "Lessing stage" together with the so-called Free German Cultural Association, whose tendency is known to our readers and friends.

English cooperative guilds

would like to come into personal contact with friends from the continent who have cooperative experience and interest. These guilds are spread all over England so it doesn't matter where our friends live. Anyone interested in getting to know each other better and exchanging ideas with British cooperative members should contact us so that they can be invited to meetings.

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of the SPD in London in June 1942

Local: Austrian Labor Club House, 31 Broadhurst Gardens, London, NW6 near underground station: Finchley Rd.

Friday 5th June 7.30 a.m., lecture by the Gen [ossen] Louis Lévy above: France under Laval. The lecture, given in French, will be translated by Vict [or] Schiff. Introduced guests warmly welcome.

Friday June 12th, 7.30 a.m., lecture by Gen [ossen] P. Treves(Italy) on the anniversary of Matteotti's assassination about: Matteotti and his legacy to us. Contributors: Singing group under the direction of Gen. F. Weiss. Recitations: Dora Segall.

Friday June 19th, 7.30 a.m., Mrs. Lucy Middleton talks about India and its problems. The speaker used to be the secretary of the India League. Introduced guests welcome.

Friday June 26th, 7.30 am. Dr. Bricklayer[33], Vienna, speaks about: Solidarity in the concentration camp. The speaker reports on his own experiences in Wöllersdorf, Dachau and Buchenwald and on the fight between the "Greens" and "Reds" in Buchenwald[34] Guests welcome.

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We thank all friends and readers for these voluntary donations, which make the further publication of the SM possible. Voluntary contributions can be sent by postal order to the following address:

Issued by the London Representative of the German Social
Democratic Party, 33, Fernside Avenue, London NW7.

Editorial notes

1 - Göring on May 20th, 1942 in Berlin: "Germany has never been involved in a more violent war than this one."

2 - Refers to a conflict between the Norwegian State Church and the Quisling government. In April 1942, 1,100 clergy and bishops had announced their resignation - in protest against the government's interference in the rights of the church and the congregations.

3 - The German occupiers reacted to the attacks by shooting hostages.

4 - The assassination attempt on R. Heydrich took place on May 27, 1942; he died on June 4, 1942.

5 - Walther Darré (1895 - 1953), Reich Minister of Food 1933-1942, advocate of racist social romanticism (see note no. 15), sentenced in 1949 to 7 years imprisonment.

6 - Hans Fischböck (born 1895), 1940-1942 General Commissioner for Economy and Finance in the occupied Netherlands.

7 - Josef Wagner (1899 - 1945), before 1941 Nazi Gauleiter of Westphalia-South and Silesia, 1936-1942 Reich Commissioner for Pricing, expelled from the party in 1942, arrested after July 20, 1944, probably shot.

8 - Albert Speer (1905-1981), Reich Minister of Armament 1942-1945. Sentenced to prison by the Nuremberg International Court of Justice in 1946.

9 - Fritz Todt (1891 - 1942), 1933 ff. Inspector General for German Roads (Autobahn), 1940-1942 Reich Minister for Armaments and Ammunition, died in a plane crash.

10 - Walther Funk (1890-1960), Reich Minister of Economics 1938-1945, President of the Reichsbank 1939-1945. Sentenced to prison by the Nuremberg International Court of Justice in 1946.

11 - Friedrich Syrup (born 1881), 1938-1942 State Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Labor, member of the supervisory board of the United Industrial Companies AG in Berlin.

12 - Fritz Sauckel (1894-1946), "General Plenipotentiary" for the labor deployment 1942-1945, responsible for the deportations of millions of forced laborers, executed.

13 - 1936 Göring had been appointed representative of the four-year plan and had thus practically taken control of German industry, which he lost again during the war.

14 - This refers to the slaughter of pigs due to a lack of feed, because the potatoes intended for feeding the pigs were consumed by the population.

15 - See, inter alia, Walter Darré: Um Blut und Boden. Speeches and essays, Munich 1940. Darré's mystified racial-biological conceptions of peasantry as the eternal source of life for the Germanic race.

16 - "Sermons of the Bishop of Münster": Clemens-August Graf von Galen (1878-1946), Bishop of Münster since 1933, fought against National Socialism. Compare: Heinrich Portmann, The Bishop of Munster. The echo of a struggle for God's right and human rights. Makeshift edition, Münster 1946.

17 - No information could be obtained about "The Czechoslovak".

18 - Jiri Hronek (born 1905), radio editor 1925-1936, Viennese 1936-1939, later Paris correspondent for various CSR newspapers, employed by the government-in-exile in London from 1940-1945. 1948-1951 in the Czechoslovak Ministry of Information, then editor or chief editor at CSSR newspapers and press agencies.

19 - E. V. Erdely: Prague braves the Hangman, London 1942. Eugene Virgil Erdely (born 1890), Czechoslovak journalist and writer, in London since December 1938, 1940-1945 with the press office of the CSR government in exile.

20 - "Elias": Alois Eliás (1890 - 1942), Czech general, 1939-1941 Prime Minister of the Protectorate, arrested in 1941 for high treason and treason, sentenced to death in 1942, pardoned, in a sanatorium, then shot.

21 - Trygve Lie (1896-1968), Norwegian socialist, various ministerial functions before 1940, 1941-1946 Foreign Minister (until 1945 of the Norwegian government-in-exile in London), 1946-1952 first Secretary General of the UN.

22 - Dorothy Thompson (1894-1961), American newspaper and radio journalist, 1924-1928 Germany correspondent in Berlin.

23 - Kurt Frhr. von Schröder (1889 - 1965?), Cologne banker, member of the Friends of the Reichsführer SS.

24 - André Francois-Poncet (1887-1978), French diplomat, 1931-1938 Ambassador in Berlin, 1949-1953 French High Commissioner in the Federal Republic.

25 - Jean Mann (1889-1964), Labor City Councilor in Glasgow, 1945-1950 MP.

26 - Alice Bacon (born 1911), member of the National Executive Committee of the Labor Party in 1941; 1945-1970 MP.

27 - Aneurin Bevan (1897-1960), miner, early active in the trade union movement, MP for the Labor Party (left wing) until his death 1929, Minister of Health 1945-1951 (implementation of general public health care), early 1951 until Resignation of the Attlee government in the same year Labor Minister

28 - Emanuel Shinwell (1884-1986), Labor MP 1922-1924, 1928-1931 and 1935-1950; various ministerial functions.

29 - Rhys Davies (born 1903), British writer.

30 - Patrick Gordon Walker (1907-1980), Labor politician, 1940-1944 at the BBC European Service head of the German-language workers program.

31 - Thorvald Stauning (1873-1942), Danish trade union official and social democrat, Prime Minister 1924-1926 and 1929-1942.

32 - Song by Wolfgang Langhoff (1901 - 1966), written in the Börgermoor concentration camp.

33 - Emil Maurer (1884-1967), Austrian Social Democrat, district commander of the republican protection forces, several months in the concentration camp after the February uprising, 1938/39 Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps, 1939 exile in Great Britain, 1946 return to Austria.

34 - The green patches on the prisoners' clothing were supposed to identify the "common criminals" in the concentration camp, the red patches "the political criminals".

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