What are the unspoken rules of teaching
Great rules. In this way, you can agree on class rules with your students for a relaxed learning environment in primary school
How to develop class rules with your students
Class rules apply to all students in a class, so they embody a certain fairness. Therefore, you should clearly define your specific expectations and discuss them with the students.
1. Help your students understand that rules make sense.
Let the children think: “Where are there rules everywhere?” Your pupils are sure to be familiar with situations in which they find rules necessary and sensible, for example in games, during sports or in traffic. Children are more likely to follow class rules when they realize that many rules apply to students and teachers alike.
Another way to get students interested in class rules is this: first ask which ones Teacher rules would be important to the children so that they can learn better and enjoy participating. "What rules should a teacher obey?"
Teacher rules from the student's point of view can be, for example:
- Teacher explains something until everyone understands.
- If one child doesn't know the answer, the teacher asks another child.
- We take a short break from exercise once a day.
- Class work is always announced a week in advance.
2. Start with a brainstorming session.
Encourage the children to take part in developing the class rules. This increases acceptance and makes it easier for you to refer to the rules. It also signals to the students: Expectations do not only come from the teacher, but the whole class community benefits from a good learning environment.
Ask the children what they think is important to help them feel comfortable in school and learn well. For example, when you explain something in class, while working in groups or when you have to work quietly. The statements are noted and then discussed together.
Make it clear that everyone is allowed to have a say, but that you as the teacher are in charge. The Class suggestions be very helpful. There may be acute situations that need to be changed. For example, when it comes to respectful interaction or concrete conflict resolution.
3. Discuss rights and responsibilities.
When talking about class rules, it is a good idea to discuss the rights and duties of students. You can do this by asking the children questions such as their rights
- the right to learn
- the right to assistance
- the right to freedom of expression
- the right to protection from offense
and about their duties:
- respectful interaction with one another
- cooperative behavior, completing tasks
- listen to each other and resolve conflicts non-violently
- Respect the rights, dignity and property of others
Older students can use a questionnaire to work out important class rules. So every child has the opportunity to grapple with the meaning of the rules and to bring in their wishes. The drafts are discussed together, including requests for changes, deletions or additions. However, only discuss rules that you really want students to have a say in.
Which rules are important for me and my class?
Only when the children experience that class rules make it easier for them to live together will they be bound by them voluntarily. That is why teachers should carefully be in choosing sensible rules. And at the same time determinedin order to consolidate and persistently advocate these rules.
The following applies to the selection of class rules: The less the better. The rules agreed upon in the class should be concise and clear so that they can be memorized more easily and you do not have to constantly point out violations of the rules in class.
There are a number of principles for everyday school life that are worth noting. The reduced set of rules is individually tailored to a class. The choice of class rules also depends on the behavior with which the class is still having difficulties.
These priorities can address class rules:
- social learning
- Conduct in class
- Work organization
- Break and school yard rules
Positive formulations for a positive learning environment
There are also a few things to consider in the final version of the rules. In order for children to perceive the rules as fair, the agreements should be clear and clear clearly understandable be written. It is important that class rules as possible formulated positively become. As a result, the children develop a positive attitude towards the rules and are better able to accept them.
The individual class rules should be in the I or we form be formulated. This makes it easier for the children to identify with the content. The we-form underlines that the whole class feels responsible for a good learning atmosphere and that this goal can only be achieved together. The first-person form emphasizes that every child contributes to success with their behavior.
Individual, pre-formulated class rules picture cards that you put together yourself are helpful. So you can decide for yourself which rules and how many you need in class. A preselection can also be used as a basis for the meeting.
For example, a list of class rules might look like this:
- We listen when someone speaks.
- We point out when we want to speak.
- We're helping each other.
- We keep the classroom tidy.
- We go quietly through school.
- We are on time.
- We do our homework.
Guiding principles posted in the classroom
After the rules have been jointly adopted, they are posted in large letters in the classroom so that they are easily visible to all children. With that, the jointly introduced guidelines stay present in everyday school life and not be forgotten.
In the Design of a poster face cards have the advantage that the rules are provided with pictograms. The additional visual stimulus offers orientation and increases memorability. In order to emphasize the binding nature of the rules, the poster on the back can be signed by everyone involved - including teachers.
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